Some children who have arrived from another country where formal education begins later may also find their intellectual development affected as they have had no previous education but could also affect their emotional and behavioural development if they feel they are not able to do what others have already learnt to do. Schools will often put appropriate support in place for children in these situations. Abuse/Neglect - If a child has suffered from any abuse or neglect it will almost certainly affect the
Increasingly as children in modern society are becoming more rebellious and independent and construct their own individual identities, many people argue that the peer they socialise with have the greatest effect on their behaviour. This idea is debateable however, as there are other institutions like the media or the family that are key in instilling norms and values of society. The ways in which peer groups socialise a person into his/her gender identity are many. Through peer group pressure along with positive and negative sanctions, it is inevitable that a young person will conform to their group’s norms and values. Firstly, the ideas of being isolated from a friendship group is a daunting vision for many youngsters, and are thus willing to adopt the groups norms and values if it means they will acquire popularity or just to be part of a group.
Plus, a stressful family environment may cause a child to experience learning disabilities and possibly be of a high risk of a stress related illness. At the same time, various other elements within a child’s background may affect behaviour and development, these being; divorce, a new baby, diet, poverty and media to mention a few. Children of one parent families may suffer as the parent may work long hours leaving the child with very little support and possibly no role model to look up to. Divorce also can be very traumatic for a child. Children whose families have joined with another family and therefore have ‘step-family’ may experience unhappiness due to the child being picked on or feeling left out, this would lead to low self-esteem and they would quite possibly result in lack confidence in their own abilities.
Young children are very impulsive and find it hard to control their behaviour but, once language is mastered, children’s behaviour changes. It would seem that language helps children to think things over when talking about it. They can then focus on the consequenceses of their r their friend’s actions and they can initially begin to remind themselves of what they need to do or what they should not do. For example in an early age when a toddler goes up to something they souldnt be touching and points at it and say ‘no’ is an example of this. Another example would be in the pre-school age, when they have ran into someone by accident and hit them, they know they didn’t mean to do it but to still say sorry for hurting a friend.
Disorganized relationships. Disorganized children don’t know what to expect from their parents. Children with relationships in the other categories have organized attachments. This means that they have all learned ways to get what they need, even if it is not the best way. This happens because a child learns to predict how his parent will react, whether it is positive or negative.
Children’s friendship with others help them develop their emotional understanding, interaction, empathy and social skills. Children who lack friends tend to feel isolated, suffer insecurities and usually withdraw themselves more. They may struggle to communicate, share and understand the needs and feelings of others. As they grow older the insecurities may lead to self-hate and self-harm. They will also lack people to confide in or go to for advice Child neglect, often overlooked, is the most common form of child maltreatment.
A child’s social network and emotional development can influence development, along with the use of drugs and alcohol both (child and parent). A child may not understand what is required due to unidentified possible language delay. Child may be bored and uninterested at school. 2.2 Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of external factor External factors can have an effect on a child’s development for such poverty, deprived of food, clothes and toys. Poor living conditions, inadequate diet and exercise and quality of life, leading to increased illness.
CT232 Understand how to support positive outcomes for children and young people Notes to support both posters: Describe the social, economic & cultural factors that will impact on the lives of children and young people: • Some learners experience barriers to learning as a result of their ethnicity, social group, race or culture. Children from poorer backgrounds and or specific ethnic and social groups are more likely to underachieve and this can sometimes lead to problems at school and exclusion. Major life events such as bereavement, family breakdown or abuse can cause emotional and behavioural problems. Many of these learners find it difficult to engage in learning, finding it difficult due to negative associations due to bullying or pressure to achieve. Explain the importance & impact of poverty on outcome and life chances for children and young people: • Low income: this can mean that children may not have the same advantages as their wealthier peers.
‘It’s Not Discipline, It’s a Teachable Moment’ states that many parents and educators use various forms of punishment to discipline. However, in doing so, they tend to inadvertently reinforce inappropriate behaviors. While time-outs can be effective in helping young children control their emotions, many adults misuse the technique, by making it too long or scolding the child during the time-out. As the article points out, parents will often drop whatever they are doing in order to discipline their child in cases where they are acting up, which is exactly what the child wants, thus rewarding them. Moreover, it is much more effective to reward children for their desirable behavior.
These professionals can be a useful source of advice and guidance for other adults working with the children and young people, in order to help them to develop to their full potential. 10:2.2. Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of external factors.Family Background and Environment:Cultural backgrounds can influence children’s development for example in some cultures boys and girls are treated very differently. Family circumstances can impact on children’s learning if children are treated differently and the parents have different expectations of a child, this can have a detrimental effect on the child’s social and emotional development.Family break-ups