(3) Etiology: Pneumonia develops when the immune system cannot combat the virulence of the invading organisms. Organisms from the environment, invasive devices, equipment and supplies, staff, or other people can invade the body. Pneumonia can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa. Noninfectious causes of pneumonia include inhalation of toxic gases, chemical fumes, and smoke and aspiration of water, food, fluid, and vomitus. (4) Signs & Symptoms: Pneumonia may present with a 1-2 day history of cough, fever, dyspnea, fatigue, rigors and pleuritic pain.
Common symptoms include chest pain, shaking chills, fever, dry cough, muscle aches, nausea and vomiting, rapid breathing and rapid heart rate. Symptoms that may indicate a medical emergency are bluish skin tone, labored breathing, high fever and confusion. Management and treatment of pneumonia involves a course of antibiotics. This patient is allergic to clindamycin and vancomycin, so he is being treated with tazobactam/piperacillin. The patient is also receiving multiple courses of respiratory treatment, including vest therapy, cough assistance and nebulizer treatments.
Besides psoriasis, onychatrophia is also caused by lichen planus. Lichen planus is a chronic disease that affects the oral mucosa and the skin. There will be lesions, papules and rashes on the skin of people who have lichen planus. Epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica is another ailment that leads to onychatrophia. People with this disorder are frequently referred to as ‘butterfly children’ due to the fragile nature of their skin.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa: is the prime cause of life threatening burn infections. Gram- bacilli commonly found in the soil, water and an intestinal resident in 10% of normal people. Resistant to quats, soaps, dyes, drugs , drying , and temperature extremes. Frequent contaminant of hot
A wound is a disorder in the normal anatomical structure and function of living tissue which may be caused by physical, chemical, microbiological or immunological injury. Globally wounds also represent a significant burden on the patients and health care professionals or givers. Wound infection is also significant in that they are the most common nosocomial infection (Orrett, 2002) . Infection of the wound is the successful invasion, and proliferation by one or more organisms anywhere within the body’s sterile tissues and sometimes accompanied with pus formation (Calvin, 1998).Wound infection may result to prolong hospital stay, delay wound healing, increases cost of health care and morbidity in surgical patients (Orrett, 2002).. Wound infection with multiple organisms may even result to multiple organ failure or death of the patient when it becomes chronic.
The secondary cause is related to an existing infection or disease. Each of these are caused by different irritants that result in the same disruption of normal perfusion. The attacks on the lung lead to alveolar inflammation and edema that causes low ventilation and blood and fluid to be pushed into the capillaries. This leads to a stasis in the lung’s gas perfusion and creates a pressure that makes it harder for the individual to breath (Anatomical Chart Company, 2010, p. 100). The first signs and symptoms of any infection should immediately be put to the attention of the health care provider.
Inhalation can cause coughing, choking, or shortness of breath. The liquid possible can produce tissue damage particularly on mucous membranes of eyes, mouth and respiratory. tract. Inflammation of the eye can cause redness, watering, and itching. Severity of the case can cause death.
* Smokers have 22% risk of cataract extraction, causing blind spot directly in line of sight. * Smoking can cause damage to Macula this is the retina of eye, the macula is used when looking directly at a item or person as well as reading. * Smoking constricts blood vessels killing the Macula. This happens when blood vessels weaken or new abnormal blood vessels grow and cause bleeding. * Once blind it cannot be reversed.
Symptoms would include red, grossly inflamed and swollen lymph nodes, called buboes (hence the name bubonic), high fever, delirium, and convulsions. However, if the bacterial infection spread to the lungs (pneumonic plague) or to the bloodstream (septicemic plague) the unfortunate victim would certainly die, usually within hours with symptoms too horrific to recount. The Elizabethan pamphleteer Thomas Dekker wrote a chilling account of the chaos and despair brought by the plague: Imagine then that all this while, Death (like a Spanish Leagar, or rather like stalking Tamberlaine) hath pitched his tents, (being nothing but a heape of winding sheets tacked together) in the sinfully-polluted Suburbes: the Plague is Muster-maister and Marshall of the field: Burning Feauers, Boyles, Blaines, and Carbuncles, the Leaders, Lieutenants, Serieants, and Corporalls: the maine Army consisting (like Dunkirke) of a mingle-mangle, viz. dumpish Mourners, merry Sextons, hungry Coffin-sellers, scrubbing Bearers, and nastie Graue-makers: but indeed they are the Pioners of the Campe, that are imployed onely (like Moles) in casting up of
Many people get viruses from either swallowing or inhaling them, being bitten or sexual contact. Viruses can cause both minor and severe illness and infections. The more minor infections include the common cold, influenza, warts, herpes, sore throats and other respitory infections. The more severe illnesses include shingles, smallpox, hiv/aids and hemorrhagic fevers (ebola, Marburg,