Onychatrophia Essay

376 Words2 Pages
Onychatrophia is often confused with anonychia, which is another nail disease that is caused by congenital disorders. In this case, the nail does not grow to its full length. Onychatrophia is considered to be one of the more severe, yet common, cases of nail infections because the nail eventually falls off from the finger or the toe. You will know that you have the disease if your nails grow slowly. The edge of the nails cannot be seen clearly; it seems as though the end of the nail has grown into the flesh of the finger or the toe. The nail, which is fully grown, first loses its shiny look and then shrinks before dropping off. Occasionally, the nail loses its shape too and pus can even grow beneath it. The condition when the nail deteriorates is also known as atrophy. While most cases of onychatrophia are attributed to the nail matrix being damaged, onychatrophia can also be caused by injury and internal diseases. Psoriasis is one of the diseases that lead to onychatrophia. Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease where red patches appear on the skin as a result of a faulty immune system. Psoriasis is actually a major cause of various nail infections. Besides psoriasis, onychatrophia is also caused by lichen planus. Lichen planus is a chronic disease that affects the oral mucosa and the skin. There will be lesions, papules and rashes on the skin of people who have lichen planus. Epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica is another ailment that leads to onychatrophia. People with this disorder are frequently referred to as ‘butterfly children’ due to the fragile nature of their skin. Other leading causes of onychatrophia are bacterial and fungal nail infections. As noticed, skin disorders commonly lead to nail infections just like in this case of onychatrophia. The causes of onychatrophia must be first determined to ascertain the treatment that would be effective and

More about Onychatrophia Essay

Open Document