This type of the plague can also be contracted if the bacterium enters the bloodstream from the bubonic plague and travels to the lungs. Once the bacterium has entered the lungs, it causes severe pneumonia. The symptoms for this disease include high fever, vomiting and nausea, and difficulty breathing. You will also cough up bloody
The person who inhales the mucor usually ends up with pneumonia. When mucor invades the alveoli and the spores penetrates into spaces between cells and then it spread to adjacent cells. Spread of fungi in the lungs activates the immune system causes increase in leucocytes of patient and patient body responded to inflammation, fluids leaks from blood vessels to alveoli , leads to pneumonia and it impaired oxygen transportation.The immune’s systems responded resulting in chills, fever, and fatigue which are all common symptoms of
Complications of the disease include encephalitis, blindness and pneumonia. Pregnant women are at high risk for miscarriage or preterm birth. (CDC) Those highest at risk for the infection are unvaccinated young children, unvaccinated pregnant woman and individuals who are non-immune to the disease. In the year 2011, 158,000 deaths around the world were caused by the measles, mostly children under the age of five. (WHO) Every year it is
This abnormal mucus can clog the airways which will lead to severe problems with breathing and bacterial infections in the lungs. These infections will cause an individual to cough and wheeze. Inflammation is caused as well. Over time, mucus buildup and infections result in permanent lung damage which includes the formation of scar tissue and cyst in the lungs. Cystic fibrosis is caused by mutations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) located
Common symptoms are acral necrosis of the extremities (such as the toes, fingers, lips and tip of the nose), high fever, nausea, vomiting, and breathing difficulty. Left untreated, Yersinia pestis can multiply rapidly in the bloodstream, possibly causing septicemic plague or even creep towards the lungs causing pneumonic plague. In order to diagnose bubonic plague, testing in the laboratory is required. Identification of the bacterium Yersinia pestis culture in a sample of serum from a patient’s blood is used for confirmation of the
B -Environmental Lung Diseases: *Result from inhaled dust or chemicals *Pneumoconiosis is a general term used for a group of lung diseases caused by inhalation and retention of mineral, metal or dust particles *Repeated exposure to the irritant can cause pul. Fibrosis -Chemical pneumonitis *Results from exposure to toxic chemicals *Clinically pt has pul edema -Hypersensitivity pneumonitis *An individual inhales irritants to which they are allergic too *Clinical manifestations occur w/in 4-6 hrs of exposure and incl. fever, chills, cough, SOB and malaise Clinical Manifestations: -Typically do not appear for 10-15 yrs after exposure but incl. dyspnea, coughing, wheezing and weight loss -Cor pulmonale is a late manifestation. *Cor pulmonale is an enlargement of the right ventricle Check what ya know (Answers at end) 6.)
Wound botulism is caused by toxin produced from a wound infected with Clostridium botulinum. Infant botulism is caused by consuming the spores of the botulinum bacteria, which then grow in the intestines and release toxin. Adult intestinal toxemia (adult intestinal colonization) botulism is a very rare kind of botulism that occurs among adults by the same route as infant botulism. Lastly, iatrogenic botulism can occur from accidental overdose of botulinum toxin. All forms of botulism can be fatal and are considered medical emergencies.
Polycystic Kidney Disease Affecting somewhere near 12.5 million people, polycystic kidney disease is the most commonly inherited life threatening disease .Genetically passed down from generation to generation, causing renal failure in most cases. This disorder involves complications mainly to the kidneys but can spread to other areas. The kidneys maintain chemical and hormonal levels in the body as well as filter your blood to eliminate the waste by- products. Lose of normal functions in the kidney as well as the formation of cysts in the tissue and buildup of toxins in the blood result from this disorder. Fluid filled sacs called cysts develop in the tissue of the kidneys and may range from severe
Some of the common triggers for sickle cell crisis are fever, dehydration, stress, infection, hypoxia, bleeding, cold exposure, and drug and alcohol use. The immune system for people with sickle cell anemia is weakened which increases the likelihood of infection from flu viruses and bacteria which could lead to a fever. There are four different types of crises that are label based on the area of the body affected. They are bone, abdominal, chest, and joint crisis. During a sickle cell crisis, the pregnant person may present with severe unrelenting pain that is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, coughing up blood, diarrhea, or decreased range of motion of the affect extremity.
Treatment has two goals: to treat acute flare ups and to maintain remission (Ruthruff, 2007). Two common antibiotics used to treat Crohn’s Disease is Ciprofloxacin and Metronidazole (Ruthruff, 2007). The use of antibiotics can cause stomach upset or diarrhea with long time use. A barium enema, colonoscopy, CT scan, endoscopy, MRI, sigmoidoscopy, enteroscopy, upper GI series, blood test or stool culture can diagnose Crohn’s Disease. As with any procedure there are risks.