University of Phoenix Material Logical Thinking Worksheet Use the following questions to guide you through your exploration of logical thinking and arguments. Answer the questions as completely as possible, and provide examples where needed. 1. What is a logical argument? “An argument is a connected series of statements that establish a definite proposition” (n.d.).
Persuasive Essay What is a persuasive/argument essay? Persuasive writing, also known as the argument essay, utilizes logic and reason to show that one idea is more legitimate than another idea. It attempts to persuade a reader to adopt a certain point of view or to take a particular action. The argument must always use sound reasoning and solid evidence by stating facts, giving logical reasons, using examples, and quoting experts. When planning a persuasive essay, follow these steps Choose your position.
Form points (with judgements) that answer exam questions – these are for you to work out! Explain how the evidence proves your points and explain how your points supports your line of argument Evaluate the evidence. It is up to you to consider the contradictory view to your point and argue against it
The Paragraph Basic Principles of the paragraph 1. Functions as a unit of thought 2. Structured to make meaning clear 3. Observes principles of unity, coherence, emphasis Functions of paragraphs 1. Thesis paragraph: Governs the essay as a whole; may be introductory 2.
Inductive reasoning is set up to provide evidence that makes it more or less probable (but not certain) that the conclusion is true. (Chaffee, 2012) This is an argument form in which one reasons from premises that are known or assumed to be true to a conclusion that is supported by the premises but does not follow logically from them. (Chaffee, 2012) This format leads into Empirical Generalization; this is a general statement about the entire group made on the basis of observing some members of the group. (Chaffee, 2012) In this portion of inductive reasoning you need a sample and you need to know what it is, you then need to know if the sample is sufficient of large enough for the expected outcome and then you need to know if the sample is representative of the actual outcome. If these three factors are present in this type of reasoning then the researcher are able to predict with potent accuracy the outcome of different things, they have even been able to successfully predict who will win the Presidential election this way.