Logical Thinking Worksheet

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University of Phoenix Material Logical Thinking Worksheet Use the following questions to guide you through your exploration of logical thinking and arguments. Answer the questions as completely as possible, and provide examples where needed. 1. What is a logical argument? - .An argument that have demonstration or proof of the argument. 2. When and how do we use them? - When we attempt to persuade someone of something, by giving reasons or evidence for accepting a particular conclusion. 3. What parts do they contain? - a. Premise: a proposition which gives reasons, grounds, or evidence for accepting some other proposition, called the conclusion. - b. Conclusion: a proposition, which is purported to be established on the basis of other propositions. Syllogism 1. What makes something a syllogism? - A two step form of reasoning which has two premises and a conclusion 2. Why do people use syllogisms? - To facilitate an argument through logical reasoning 3. How do people create syllogisms? - By forming the three elements of syllogisms; the major premises, minor premises, and the conclusion 4. Construct a syllogism. Label its parts. - All planet exerts gravity- Major premise - Earth is a planet – Minor premise - Therefore, earth exerts gravity - Conclusion Deductive Argument 1. What makes an argument deductive? - When the truth of the premises guarantees the truth of the conclusion 2. Why do people use deduction? - To direct apply knowledge in the production of new knowledge 3. How do people create them? - From obtained reasoning from stated premises to conclusions. 4. Construct a deductive argument. Label its parts - Plato and Aristotle were the great Greek philosophers. – Major premise - Plato and Aristotle lived in Athens. – Minor premise - Therefore, all the great Greek philosophers lived in Athens.- Conclusion Inductive

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