Cognitive Perspective Preview Essay

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IB Psychology II: Review for Cognitive Perspective Exam Part A: Content Topics: 1. Development and Cultural Contexts a. Describe in detail the historical and cultural conditions that gave rise to the cognitive perspective. b. How did the cognitive perspective contribute to the cognitive perspective? 2. Framework a. Key concepts: i. To what extent does schema theory explain the process of memory? ii. The multi-store model 1. Who were the researchers? 2. Explain this model. Draw a chart in your notes if you need to. 3. How is this model similar to/different from other models presented in this perspective? iii. The working memory model 1. Who were the researchers? 2. Explain this model. Draw a chart in your notes if you need to. 3. How is this model similar to/different from other models presented in this perspective? 4. Evaluate the working memory model. What evidence is there that it is correct? iv. Biological factors in memory 1. Describe Eric Kandel’s research on neural networks 2. Explain the various types of long-term memories. 3. Identify and explain the two parts of the brain (in part identified by Kandel) that are critical in the memory process. b. Assumptions on which the concepts are based: i. What are the basic assumptions of the cognitive perspective? How can you relate these assumptions to topics we have studied within this perspective? c. Evaluation of assumptions i. Compare the assumptions of the cognitive perspective with those of other perspectives to explain strengths and limitations (we will talk about this later in the semester) ii. Are there any empirical studies that support or challenge the assumptions of the cognitive perspective? d. Theoretical explanations of behavior 3. Methodologies a. Methods i. Case Study: 1. HM: What did we learn? What types of memory were affected? What caused the condition? Why are

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