Logical Thinking Worksheet Essay

901 WordsOct 19, 20114 Pages
University of Phoenix Material Logical Thinking Worksheet Use the following questions to guide you through your exploration of logical thinking and arguments. Answer the questions as completely as possible, and provide examples where needed. 1. What is a logical argument? “An argument is a connected series of statements that establish a definite proposition” (n.d.). A logical argument consists of two or more statements or propositions that should provide support for the conclusion. A logical argument should be supported with the logical connection between the statements. 2. When and how do we use them? “Logic allows us to analyze a piece of reasoning, and determine whether it is correct or not. To use the technical terms, we determine whether the reasoning is valid or invalid”. We use logical arguments to support our beliefs and to persuade others to understand our belief. Logical arguments are a way for us to analyze information and decide whether it is valid or invalid. 3. What parts do they contain? “In logic, a valid deductive argument comprising three propositions, two serving as premises and the third as the conclusion” (The Penguin Dictionary of Psychology, 2009). • Two or more propositions (the major and minor premises) • The conclusion Syllogism 1. What makes something a syllogism? The syllogism is the “basic form of deductive reasoning” (Kirby & Goodpaster, 2007, p. 156). According to The Penguin Dictionary of Psychology a syllogism is “a valid deductive argument comprising of three propositions; two serving as premises and the third as the conclusion” (2009). 2. Why do people use syllogisms? Syllogisms are used to come to a conclusion based on other statements. When answers are not obvious people use syllogisms to come to a conclusion. 3. How do people create

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