The extracts view on African American education is the most misinterpreted. Blacks had a burning desire to educate themselves after being given their freedom. The ignorance described in a most negative way by the three textbooks was a lot of time a strategy used by blacks to undermine their masters. Blacks started their own schools after being given their freedom along with starting churches and developing other sorts of organizations. Within the black desire to self improve their social status many obstacles did await them.
Some of which were poverty, discrimination, and insufficient bringing up, which in turn, led to illiteracy and therefore, a lack of jobs. Fortunately, this started to change from the undecomposed cloture of 1877-1915 with the help of minatory activists W.E.B. Du Bois and booker T. Washington. These leading held really diametric opinions and strategies to deal with the problems the Black Americans were facing at the break of the 19th century and the fountain of the twentieth. W. E. B.
The actions and policies of Presidents certainly had a role to play in aiding the advancement in the position of African Americans, however individual Presidents differed greatly in their attitudes and actions towards the issue of Civil Rights, and other factors can often be said to have had a more significant impact on its advancement. Many of the Presidents throughout the period exhibited a conflicted approach to the issue of African American Civil Rights, making some progress but ultimately failing to achieve the level of change which other Presidents did. Franklin D. Roosevelt, who became President in 1933, tried to combat the negative effects of the Great Depression at the time by introducing the New Deal
Inevitably this discrimination also involved much more than just indifference of colour, blacks experienced poor working conditions violent retaliation and even lynching if the status quo of white supremacy was to be challenged. In search of better conditions, four leading African-Americans offered some solution’s to deal with the situation. Booker T. Washington, du bois, Marcus Garvey and Phillip Randall all contributed to giving the black community a voice in America. There different roles will be compared contrasted and assessed in their part to play in overcoming these challenges. Firstly Booker T. Washington, he was a Black educator who focused on practical education which would lead to black social advancement.
the American Dream. This theory is very useful in highlighting certain points that are not explained within other theories. Albert Cohen, describes the idea of status frustration. By which he argues that deviance and crime result from the inability of those in lower classes to achieve mainstream goals. It is useful for highlighting why, in the working class, those who cannot achieve in education, they then therefore suffer from status frustration and in this process turn to other people who also cannot achieve in this institution.
At some point in their lives, people get disappointed. When expectations are not met, people get disappointed. After reading the two texts, I noticed how both summarize the struggles of Blacks throughout the past. In one of chapters from The Souls of Black Folk written by W.E.B. Du Bois, it talks about the race relations during the pre-Civil War and after the Civil War.
One such protest was the Montgomery Bus Boycott that occurred from 1955-56. This protest challenged the policy of bus segregation in the south. On the day of Rosa Parks trial almost the whole black community did not ride the busses. More than 66% of the riders on the busses were blacks, therefore, economically the protest hurt the bus company as the majority of the income came from black riders. Southern blacks simply stopped using the bus system to show that they weren't going to be treated unfairly, by the community, government and bus system.
Their ideas often differed from other black leaders. DuBois’s affiliation with the NAACP attempted to solve the problem through integration. Garvey’s UNIA centered around the idea of blacks helping blacks, attempting to relieve blacks of any dependence on whites. Both men had a lasting impact on generations to come. The beliefs of W.E.B.
Race and class are related to one another. A community can change based on the class and race in it. Stereotypes and controversies over who better deserves the rewards and prosperity of the American dream is also another factor in how race and class are related. There is a horrible truth that if one is poor and a minority, then one has a hard time getting things they need such as a higher education, better jobs, and respect. I’d like to focus on the African American communities specifically and how they differ from white communities.
Hughes writes about not only individuals whose dreams have been limited but also communities whose American dreams have been put on hold. Blacks were not able to progress in society because they were not able to receive the same education as whites therefore the few that fought through the racism and criticism such as Hughes gained a voice. They gained a voice to articulate the influence that African-Americans held in society. Hughes was not afraid to stand up for what he believed despite of what others thought. He wanted the world to know that skin color was not a factor when it came to your social standing in the world.