Both disorders have many aspects in common but are not the same thing, as they are commonly confused. Anorexia Nervosa is a mental illness that is a result of obsessive compulsive behavior. A person who is diagnosed as an anorexic may have lost control of some aspect in their life, and replace that loss of control with the desire to control how they look. Anorexia consists of three key features; the refusal to maintain a healthy body weight, an intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted body image (Smith and Segal 2014). When it comes to anorexia, eating and meal times can become very stressful.
Two main eating disorders are anorexia and bulimia. People with anorexia have a great fear of weight gain and have a view of their body size and shape. As a result, they strive to keep a very low body weight. Some restrict their food intake by dieting, fasting, or excessive exercise. Bulimia is characterized by habitual binge eating.
The DSM (IV) states four criteria for AN. The first is the anxiety associated with the disorder and the excessive fear of being fat. The second criterion weight loss is considered to be abnormal when it drops below 85% of the individual’s normal weight, based on age and height. People with AN develop unusual eating habits e.g. Avoiding food & meals or carefully weighing & portioning food.
Obesity as Social Stigma Compulsive overeating (binging but not purging) is most often considered a bad habit that can easily be changed. On the contrary, compulsive overeating is an eating disorder that is more properly defined as an addiction rather than a simple habit. Overeaters use eating as a means of hiding from their emotions and coping with the stress and problems of their lives, turning to food for comfort. Compulsive overeating is characterized by uncontrollable eating that results in weight gain that may lead to obesity. According to the American Obesity Association (2002), obesity is a “complex, multi-factorial chronic disease involving environmental (social and cultural) and genetic, physiologic, metabolic, behavioral and psychological components.” AOA points out that approximately 127 million adults in the U.S. are overweight, with 60 million being obese.
Identifying and defining themselves according to their perceived "fatness", eating disordered people tend to conclude that they are unacceptable and undesirable, and as a result, feel quite insecure and inadequate, especially about their bodies. For them, controlling their eating behaviors is the logical pathway in their quest for thinness. The current article is designed to provide you with more information about the nature of eating disorders, their causes, potential treatments, and strategies for prevention. This information can be helpful in
Anorexia usually begins when a diet is started. Most anorexics still fell fat even when one fourth of their body weight is lost. A person with anorexia has a lack of self confidence. Not only women have anorexia but men too can have this eating disorder. The average teenage or adult woman needs to eat between 4000 to 7500 kilojoules each day to stay healthy.
A2 Psychology Unit 3 Eating Behaviour: Psychological Explanations Of One Eating Disorder - Anorexia Nervosa Notes What You Need To Know: Psychological Explanations Of One Eating Disorder - Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia Nervosa: What is it? • Refusal to maintain minimum normal weight and fear of weight gain. • Deliberate weight-loss and a weight of 15% or more below normal. • Disturbance in perception of own body shape, leading to an insistence that the person is overweight. • It is often co-morbid with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and/or depression.
These individuals have a problem with perception as far as their body image goes. It is said that about 10 percent of individuals suffering from anorexia are male (Robb & Dadson, 2002). This recent increase is thought to be associated with the use of steroids in young men. Men with this disorder are nothing like the many women who suffer from it. Women are more prone to develop an eating disorders because they "feel fat," wherein men are often medically overweight at some point during the disorder and then come to feel a sense of pressure to be thin.
Personality Assessment Instrument Eating disorders like Bulimia and Anorexia Nervosa are popular among those who feel the need to lose weight when not needed and the two can lead to dangerous affects to the body. These two disorders have become a serious problem within the past 30 years. Although in mainly in the female population, some male have taken to eating disorders as well and neither group realizing what is going on and he or she is silently killing themselves. Eating disorders can go in the opposite direction such as when people get depressed he or she tends to eat too much. Several people in society; if not too skinny, are overweight to obese.
Women are disproportionately represented (Overly sexualized or seen as objects/inferior) C. Nutrition i. Television takes time away from play and exercise activities ii. Excessive television watching contributes to the increased incidence of childhood obesity iii. Less physically fit and more likely to eat high fat and high energy snack foods iv. Many commercials promote unhealthy dietary practices v. Commercials for healthy food make up only 4% of the food advertisements shown vi.