At the classroom level, for example, teachers collect information about a student's learning, make corresponding adjustments in their instruction, and continue to collect information. Formative assessment can result in significant learning gains but only when the assessment results are used to inform the instructional and learning process (Black & William, 1998). This condition requires the collection, analysis of, and response to information about student progress. The most common procedures of formative assessment include the following. Feedback.
Establishing good ground rules at the start of the lessons are an important part of the teacher’s role to ensure everyone has clear expectations within the classroom environment, this helps to ensure appropriate behaviour and respect for others within the class. The teacher should be ready to teach, be on time and available to greet learners on arrival to their lesson. Recording attendance at all teaching sessions is the responsibility of the teacher. It is important to be approachable with an open, friendly attitude whilst always working within professional boundaries and always respecting confidentiality. The teacher should have the ability to check learners understanding during lessons.
According to Wilson (2009), roles describe functions of teachers. These could include: planning and preparation for the running of the class; designing different and interesting ways to deliver the lesson; assessing (evaluating) the impact of the learning and whether it has been transferred to the learner; maintaining a safe teaching/learning environment; marking the work of learners; giving constructive feedback; and record keeping. There is more detail on the types of records teachers need to maintain in the attached learning pack under ‘Teaching/training cycle’. As well as compliance with legislation and regulations i.e. Health and Safety and those of awarding bodies regarding standards of work or teaching (where there is no room for negotiation), ground rules can be created in a variety of ways i.e.
Garrison, C. & Ehringhaus, M. (2009, June). Formative and summative assessments in the classroom. Middle School Journal, 40(5). Retrieved June 18, 2009, from http://www.nmsa.org/Publications/WebExclusive/Assessment/tabid/1120/Default.aspx The authors begin this article by discussing what a broad term assessment is and how educators should view their own classroom tests as assessments which provide essential information about students’ achievement and where any gaps in learning may occur. Summative assessments are administered to students at certain times to find out what skills students already know and to find out those skills that they do not know.
Assessment in Kindergarten Teachers are one of the first people students go through for knowledge. As a kindergarten teacher you want to make your students understand what they are doing, to do so, teachers need to assess for understanding. Teachers test students in a variety of ways. As a kindergarten teacher you want to assess students by making observations of what you see and also by saving paper works such as a portfolio to keep track of how they are progressing. There are three different methods used to assess student knowledge: diagnostic, formative, and summative.
Assessment Artifact Name Institution Assessment Artifact Assessments form an essential means for teachers to gain insight on learning the progress of students. Assessments determine how students grasp concepts in class, which indicates the ability to make correct decisions. To evaluate learners’ performance, teachers make use of formal and informal assessments. This paper analyzes types of formal and informal assessments that an educator may use to appraise students understanding of concepts. Formal assessments refer to the systematic and pre-planned methods used in determining how students understand class teachings (Brady & McColl, 2010).
Abstract The purpose of this paper is to translate my course learning into a reflective response paper on the topic of Formative Assessments inside the classroom. This paper will also seek to describe a formative assessment for a class that I am currently teaching, explain the role psychometric models would play in the creation of the identified assessment, explain the use of observational situations inside the formative assessment, and discuss expected challenges in carrying out the assessment and how they would be addressed. Formative Assessment The use of formative assessments has mainly been used to monitor and update classroom instruction. Formative assessments are informal and can also be used to provide feedback or guide the instruction based on the needs of the student, therefore it is vital to develop a system when using them. According to Sue Swaffield (2008), effective feedback should: • Focus on student learning • Focus on the task rather than the learner • Focus on process rather than the product • Focus on progress • Focus on particular qualities of the work • Advise how to improve • Encourage the student to think • Require action that is challenging yet achievable • Be specific • Avoid comparison with others • Be understandable to the student Formative assessments can vary from worksheets, quizzes, journals, diagnostic tests, and informal observation.
They monitor students learning with questions. Information of students and education is the information of beliefs of growth and education, such as accepting that teachers, in high schools have the tendency to be self-centered, looking at the world from their own viewpoints and often overlooking the visions of other people. Knowledge of the profession involves an understanding of social, historical, philosophical, organizational and lawful parts of teaching, together with the power to continue to learn. Professional knowledge lets teachers to make the split-second decisions vital for teaching. Professional was requires an importance of own decision-making factors swaying teachers decision-making are goals, from professional knowledge and contacts.
It is used to help students with diverse needs learn using a core curriculum. Based on the readiness of students, there are three strategies for successfully implementing differentiated instruction. Regardless of their individual differences, students are expected to master the same concepts, principles, and skills. First, is the “content” of lessons it may be differentiated based on what students already know. The teacher may differentiate the content by designing activities for groups of students that address different areas of knowledge, understanding, and skills.
My Philosophy of Classroom Management Classroom management is a term used by teachers to describe the process of ensuring that classroom lessons run smoothly despite disruptive behavior by students. This term can also refer to the prevention of disruptive behavior. Many consider this as one of the most difficult tasks for new teachers. The basis for classroom management involves clear communication of both, the behavioral and academic expectations, as well a cooperative learning environment and proper time management. In order to successfully maintain proper order in the classroom, we must engulf a vast amount of actions, such as classroom climate, parental involvement, environment, student expectations, rewards and consequences, classroom procedures, and student motivation.