Those who feared the attacks turned to the Minister of Economy Hjalmar Schacht. He was forced to resign in November 1937, and Herman Goering took over in December 1937. Goering ordered that Jewish businesses be restricted in the raw materials they could receive. Also, Goering favoured ‘Aryanisation’ – stripping Jews of their property selling it to non-Jews and the proceeds going to the economy. The Anschluss (union of Germany and Austria) in March 1938 unleashed a wave of attacks against Jewish property in Austria.
The Germans, as the strongest and fittest, were destined to rule, while the weak and racially adulterated Jews were doomed to extinction. Hitler began to restrict the Jews with legislation and terror, which entailed burning books written by Jews, removing Jews from their professions and public schools, confiscating their businesses and property and excluding them from public events. The most infamous of the anti-Jewish legislation were the Nuremberg Laws, enacted on September 15, 1935. They formed the legal basis for the Jews' exclusion from German society and the progressively restrictive Jewish policies of the
Hitler deliberately expressed his hate toward Jews and gave ample warnings, as it was all written down in his autobiography “Mein Kampf”. In 1935, the introduction of the Nuremberg Laws stripped German Jews of their citizenship and civil rights. Jewish rights were steadily restricted, as in many cases Jewish political and intellectual leaders were the first to be sent to concentration camps. The Night of Broken Glass, on November 9, 1938 lead to the death of approximately 100 Jews, while other 30,000 were sent to concentration camps. Jewish businesses along with almost every synagogue in Germany were damaged or completely destroyed.
Moral Instinct The Holocaust was one of the most devastating times in history. The Jewish people endured more than just physical suffering but mental suffering. The Nazi Regime created many laws or “Anti-Jewish” decrees that deprived the Jewish people of any kind of civil rights or freedoms ("Holocaust Encyclopedia"). These Laws caused not only the Jewish people, but everyone in a German-occupied country to make decisions that not only affected themselves but their families and friends as well. One Jewish Decree caused all Jewish people to live in designated areas of German cities “Judenhauser”.
This paved way for the Nazi government in 1938 to rewrite the law and confiscate all weapons from those who they viewed opposed to their way of things, especially the Jews. Hitler was able to disarm a nation because he assumed that power that was granted to him by degrees from the previous administrations before him (Simkin,, Zelman, & Rice,
He also banned the Social Democrat Party in June 1933, and then all other parties soon followed. There were also many other factors that made it so Hitler could establish a dictatorship. The Reichstag Fire gave him an opportunity to pass the Law for ‘The Protection of the People and the State’, which ended all the freedoms that were guaranteed by the Weimar Republic. This law gave the police total control. The police and the SA arrested all the communist leaders, their meetings were broken up and newspapers closed down.
Millions more including: homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Soviet (Russian) prisoners of war, and citizens who didn’t agree, died under the Nazi tyranny as well. In order to complete this assignment, I will vividly examine the theories and factors of prejudice in the holocaust and how it may have been avoided.
The Holocaust “By warding off the Jews, I am fighting for the Lords work” (Harran 50). This quote is the exact words of the worlds most accomplished mass murderer in history, Adolf Hitler. His goal was to exterminate the complete Jewish race, to make room for the “Aryan” race. “Jews have been discriminated against, hated, and killed because prejudiced non-Jews believed they belonged to the wrong religion, lacked citizenship qualifications, practiced business improperly, behaved inappropriately, or possessed inferior racial characteristics” (Harran 41). Due to the hatred that was formed against the Jewish people, over the years of 1933 to 1945, about six million innocent people lost their lives.
The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Preceding World War II, the Nazi party in Germany rose to power and, under Adolf Hitler, committed the largest genocide the world has ever seen: the Holocaust. The ideology of the Nazi party led to the discrimination and extremely harsh persecution of the Jewish people, as well as many others who did not seem fit for the perfect German race. Jews, as well as the handicapped, homosexual, disabled, and so on, were sent to concentration camps where they were forced to perform manual labor and then killed. However, before the Nazis sent the Jews to concentration camps, they set up ghettos throughout German-controlled territory in Europe. The largest of these ghettos was the Warsaw Ghetto, located in Poland.