The Nuremburg Laws were made to exclude the Jews from all public life, forbidding them from all parks, firing them from all civil service jobs, making them register all property, and taking way all citizenship rights. The Nuremburg Laws set the legal model for all anti-Jewish laws to follow, making life as a German Jew more difficult than ever anticipated. Unfortunately, things quickly grew worse (Rosemberg). The night of November 9, 1938 marked the first act of violence. On that night, the Nazis provoked an organized massacre against Jews in Austria and Germany in what was termed “Kristallnacht”, meaning, “night of broken glass” (Holocaust Encyclopedia).
If a person gives you a title, you are going to believe it. That’s what Joseph Goebbels did, he made false accusations of the Jews being thieves and owning secret jewelry, they believed Jews weren’t human. When Hitler seized power in 1933, Goebbels was appointed Reichsminister for propaganda and national enlightment. He was in control of total mobilization. After the war, Goebbels was the reason for the work of propaganda by the German government.
The Jews were physically attacked, and about 30,000 Jews were arrested and taken to the concentration camps. As SS leader Heydrich stated during the later meeting, “7,500 businesses were destroyed, 267 temples burned and 91 Jews were killed.” He also requested, “that new decrees barring Jews from any contact with Germans by excluding them from public transportation, schools, even hospitals, essentially forcing them into ghettos or out of the country.” In that meeting, Hermann Goring stated regarding the economic damage of the night that the Jews themselves would be billed for the damage, and that any insurance money due to them would be confiscated by the Nazi order the Jews lived in.
The Holocaust Amanda Marie Flores HIS 104 World Civilizations II Instructor: Jennifer Bridges November 27th 2011 Holocaust is a Greek word coming from the word “holos” meaning (whole), and “kaustos” meaning (burned). The holocaust was a state-sponsored discrimination along with murder of about six million Jews by the collaboration of the Nazi regime. The Nazis who were in power in Germany in January of 1933, believed that the Jews reckoned inferior, and the Germens were racially superior to the fact. Adolf Hitler was one of the men who helped form the Holocaust, among being the main ruler during this time. Hitler like many others of this time blamed the Jews for the country’s defeat back in 1918.
He blamed Jews for Germany defeat during the First World War and the Treaty of Versailles. He blamed wealthy Jews for trying to secretly rule the world through control of banks and other international financial institutions. He blamed Jews for new cultural changes that he saw as threatening to traditional German cultural values and traditions. He blamed Jews for Communism because the founder of the Communism, many leaders of the Russian Revolution and of the German Communist Party were Jewish. Nazi policy towards Jews (1933 - 1939): Nazi policy towards Jews between 1933 to 1939 was based on pressuring all the Jews of Germany to leave the country.
The Holocaust began after a Jewish youth from Germany shot a German diplomat living in Paris. Hitler then violently persecuted Jews, using the event as an excuse. The Holocaust began with Kristallnacht, when Nazi troopers destroyed Jewish-owned property in Germany. As a result of Kristallnacht, many Jews fled Europe and went overseas to places like the U.S.A. After Kristallnacht, Hitler ordered all Jews to be segregated into ghettos, which were living areas specifically for Jews. Hitler hoped the Jews would die of starvation or from disease as the ghettos had horrible conditions.
He considered Jewish people to be less than human. As soon as he became Chancellor he started his work against the Jews. He made laws that said Jews had no rights. Then he organized attacks on Jewish businesses and homes. On November 9, 1938 many Jewish homes and businesses were burnt down or vandalized.
“The crimes committed during the Holocaust devastated most European Jewish communities and eliminated hundreds of Jewish communities in occupied eastern Europe entirely.” (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum) There have been several attempts to measure the effects of the Holocaust. The most researched and measured effects are the psychological effects the Holocaust had on its survivors. “Clinicians made pessimistic predictions when they first began seeing Holocaust survivors as patients” (Baron and Scuello 513). After liberation survivors were left with nothing. Most of their families had been killed, and their property taken from them.
He also blamed Germany’s difficulties on the Jews but did not tell the people his true intention was to exterminate them. Thus he created an atmosphere of hatred in Germany that later would be proven by his draconian measures towards the Jews. The first real brutal attack against the Jews came in June 1934, when Hitler had about 1,000 people murdered in the Night of the Long Knives. He then introduced the Nuremburg Laws which were as follows: all Jews had to wear the Star of David, they lost their professional careers and property, Jews could not mingle with the German population, and ultimately the Jews lost their citizenship. These laws passed without any resistance and should have been a sign to the world of things to
German schools no longer allowed Jewish students and they were expelled. The Nazis required all Jews to have their passports marked with the letter “J” for “Jude” (The Holocaust Timeline, Year Unknown, p. 3). In November of 1938, the Nazis conducted further violent acts against the Jews with the “Kristallnacht” which was known as the “Night of the Broken Glass” (Rosenberg, Year Unknown, p. 2). These acts of violence were directly against the Jewish people. Jewish owned businesses were looted, windows were busted, synagogues were set on fire, and the Nazis attacked Jewish people.