Lab Report on Chemical Reaction

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Is There a Change in Temperature when an Alkali Neutralizes an Acid? Aim The aim of the experiment was to find out if there was a change in temperature when we added an alkali (Sodium Hydroxide) to an acid (Hydrochloric Acid) to neutralize it. Hypothesis We hypothesized that there was going be a raise in temperature as we add 1ml of Sodium Hydroxide at a time to the Hydrochloric Acid due to the neutralization of the acid. The neutralization is chemical reaction that causes an exothermic reaction. Sodium Hydroxide + Hydrochloric Acid Sodium Chloride + Water NaOH(aq) + HClaq → NaCl(aq) + H2O(l) Variables Independent The independent variable of the experiment was the amount of sodium hydroxide that we added to the acid. To keep the variable controlled we would measure 1 ml of the sodium hydroxide and pouring that to the hydrochloric acid. Dependent The dependent variables of the experiment were the temperature and the pH number of the mixture. To control the pH and temperature use the electronic probe and data logger. Controlled The controlled variables of the experiment were: A. The volume and concentration of the Hydrochloric acid. B. The concentration of the Sodium Hydroxide. Equipment List * Boiling Tube * 10 cm3 1mol dm-3 Hydrochloric Acid (HCL) * 15 cm3 1mol dm-3 Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) * pH and Temperature Probes * Data Logger * Measuring Cylinder ‘ * Boiling Tube * Teat Pipette Method * Add 10ml of Hydrochloric acid, measured in a measuring cylinder, into a boiling tube. * Into a data logger, plug in both pH and temperature probes and switch on data logger. * Put in both the probes and measure both the temperature and pH before adding any other substances. * Add 1cm3 of Sodium Hydroxide, measured in a measuring cylinder, to the Hydrochloric acid, and

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