Introduction A titration was carried out in this experiment to find the concentration of hydrochloric acid is an unknown solution. The aim of this experiment is to determine the number of moles of sodium hydroxide in hydrochloric acid and then to determine the number of moles of sodium hydroxide present in gastric juices. Titration, or volumetric analysis, is a common laboratory procedure for the analysis of substances and solutions. In a titration, the analyst determines the volume of a solution, called a titrant, that reacts exactly with a known weight or volume of another substance. This reaction is carried out by adding a solution of reactant hydrochloric acid from a burette to a solution of sodium hydroxide until just sufficient of hydrochloric acid has been added to react with all of the sodium hydroxide.
To perform this experiment, we will utilize emission spectra, titrations, and thermal gravimetric analysis, using knowledge from Experiments 10, 4, Titrations of Na2CO3 and NAHCO3 by HCl (hydrochloric acid) will be performed to determine the concentration of HCl, as well as the number of moles of HCl present within the sample of baking soda. As a result, we will be able to determine the molar concentration of HCl by determining its equivalence point (the point on the graph where the exact amount of rectant needed to perform a reaction has been added) from graphical analysis. Na2CO3(aq.) + HCl(aq.) ==> NaHCO3(aq.)
Materials: 250mL Beaker Test Tube Calorimeter Burner, Ring Stand, and Wire Gauze Thermometer Balance Procedure: 1. Prepare an appropriate data table. 2. Fill the 250mL beaker about half full. Place it on the stand and begin heating it to the boiling point (100 degrees Celsius).
We are looking to find wether the reaction is exothermic or endothermic. Experiment 2: the aim for this experiment is to record the pH level of a sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid reaction. Then record it into the graph, it should resemble the standard neutralization curve, as shown under the introduction. Materials: what you will need for both experiments: Experiment 1: ➢ 20g baking soda ➢ 20g citric acid ➢ 2 cm strip of magnesium ➢ 50 ml of 5M HCl acid ➢ 50 ml measuring cylinder ➢
Title : Reaction of Carboxylic Acids Objective : To Determine The Reaction of Carboxylic Acids Procedure : As referred to Lab manual. Results: A. Salt Formation |Compound |Solvent |Solubility | |Benzoic Acid |Cold Water |Partially soluble | |Benzoic Acid |10 % NaOH |Soluble | B. Salt Hydrolysis Sodium acetate solution changed the color of litmus from red to blue. C. Reaction With Sodium Carbonate Observation : A lot of gas bubbles was released.
The solution that is added by buret also called titrant. The sodium hydroxide is used as a standard solution with known concentration. The equivalence point (the equal amount of base and acid) has to reach in a titration process. An acid/base indicator (e.g. Phenolphthalein) is used to show the equivalence point has reached by changing colours.
TITRATION OF AN ACID (A PREPARED STANDARD SOLUTION OF KH₅O₄C₈) AGAINST A BASE (NAOH) USING PHENOLPHTHALEIN AS AN INDICATOR BY GRACE The aim of this experiment is to prepare a standard solution of potassium hydrogen phthalate (KH₅O₄C₈) and then use it to calculate the concentration of sodium hydroxide by titrating the acid (KH₅O₄C₈) against the base (NaOH). Before the whole experiment could take place, some apparatus were needed which included the following; A weighing balance, burette, pipette, a conical flask, clamp and then the setup was as below; THEORY To calculate for the moles of KH₅O₄C₈, I used n (mol) =m (g)/M (gmol⁻ⁱ (JOHN GREEN AND SADRU DAMJI, PG 6 OF CHAPTER 1.THIRD EDITION). Whereby m=mass of the acid, M=molar mass of the acid and n=number of moles. Molar mass of KH₅O₄C₈ is 204.1g/mol and its mass is 1g Therefore=1g/204.1gmol⁻ⁱ n=0.0048996mol Further more, to calculate for the concentration of the acid, I used C(moldm⁻3.) =n (mol)/v (dm3) Whereby c=concentration, n=number of moles and v=volume used.
Titration Lab Period 3 5/20/12 Objective: The main objective of this lab was to determine the amount of sodium hydroxide needed to neutralize 10 milliliters of hydrochloric acid. We also had to calculate the molarity of the sodium hydroxide using our data. Concepts: Some different concepts used in this lab: indicators, titration formula, titration curves, pH levels, acids, and bases. Materials: Materials used in this lab: a 250mL beaker, ring stand, burette, Erlenmeyer flask, stop cock, burette clamp, 10mL HCL, 10mL NaOH, 3 drops of phenolphthalein, and pH paper. Procedure: 1.
Acid and Base Titration Aim: To determine the concentration of a dilute solution of sodium hydroxide which is approximately 0.1 mol dm-3 Introduction: Titration is an example of redox reaction and is a process of chemical analysis in which the quantity of some constituent of a sample is determined by adding to the measured sample an exactly known quantity of another substance with which the desired constituent reacts in a definite, known proportion. The process involves the gradual adding of standard solution of titrating reagent from a burette. The addition is stopped when the equivalence point is reached. From this point an exact equivalent of titrant will be added to the earlier solution. The completion of the reaction is marked by some signal; this signifies the end point.
Required Materials: Solids: KNO3 unknown concentration, KNO3 Liquids: Tap Water, DI Water Other: 1 burette, 1 1000 mL beaker, 5 test tubes, thermometer, heating pad Objectives: • To determine the effect of temperature of the solubility of a salt. • To construct a solubility curve for the salt. • To determine the mass of an unknown size sample of the salt. Theory: Solubility is a measure of t he amount of one substance that can be dissolved in a measured amount of another substance. In this experiment we are going to measure the solubility of KNO3 in water at various temperatures.