The goal of the experiment is to synthesize a bromohexane compound from 1-hexene and HBr(aq) under reflux conditions and use the silver nitrate and sodium iodide tests to determine if the product is a primary or secondary hydrocarbon. The heterogeneous reaction mixture contains 1-hexene, 48% HBr(aq), and tetrabutylammonium bromide and was heated to under reflux conditions. Heating under reflux means that the reaction mixture is heated at its boiling point so that the reaction can proceed at a faster rate. The attached reflux condenser allows volatile substances to return to the reaction flask so that no material is lost. Since alkenes are immiscible with concentrated HBr, tetrabutylammonium bromide is used as a phase-transfer catalyst.
Because this reaction is reversible, a fractional distillation is necessary to produce cyclohexene, water, and some impurities and a simple distillation is followed to further purify the product. [pic] (Fig. 1- Cyclohexanol dehydrated by sulfuric acid to produce cyclohexene) Procedure: 1. Mix five mL of Cyclohexanol and 2.5 mL of 9M sulfuric acid in a 25 mL flask. 2.
9) The number of moles of H2CO3 in the reaction NaHCO3 + C2H4O2 NaC2H3O2 + H2CO3 is also the number of moles of NaHCO3. 10) Calculate the number of grams of sodium bicarbonate by multiplying the number of moles of sodium bicarbonate by its molar mass. OBSERVATIONS BEFORE REACTION Total Mass: 165.93 g Total Mass: 165.93 g Mass: Alka Seltzer Tablet: 3.82 g Beaker + Vinegar: 162.11 g Temperature: 20.9 °C DURING REACTION Observations: Alka Seltzer is fizzing and dissolving into the vinegar Gas is being released as bubbles form; it’s carbon dioxide Looks like a nice glass of frothy beer AFTER REACTION Observations:
This product, dibromocholesterol, was washed and debrominated by an elimination reaction using zinc dust. Percent yield and recovery evaluated the efficiency of this synthesis. Melting point and thin layer chromatography (TLC) analysis assessed the purity of commercial cholesterol, dibromocholesterol, and synthesized cholesterol by physical analysis. Chemical tests evaluated the purity of these samples by assessing the presence of specific functional groups. Silver nitrate tested for 2o and 3o alkyl halides expected in dibromocholesterol and sulfuric acid tested for alkenes expected in cholesterol.
A binding material can be separated by dissolving the tablet in ether since three active ingredients are soluble. Then, aqueous K2HPO4 and KOH are used to extract the ether solution with the conjugate base of the Aspirin layer and the conjugate base of the Acetaminophen, respectively. The caffeine can be isolated from the left over layer by evaporating the ether. Two separated solutions form solid by acidifying with HCl and the solid residue can be collected by vacuum filtration. According to the Revell's lab experiment, aspirin, acetaminophen, caffeine recoveries are 60% or higher, <10% and <5%, respectively.
Ashley Peccatiello Experiment 7 – Dehydration of 2-Methylclyclohexanol, Tests for Unsaturation, and Gas Chromatography Date Performed: October 25, 2012 Date Written: October 29, 2012 Purpose: To dehydrate 2-methylclyclohexanol to obtain two isomers. To separate the products by simple distillation. To analyze the sample by introducing the technique of gas chromatography and unsaturation tests. Reaction: Figure 1. Overall reaction of the acid-catalyzed dehydration of 2-methylcyclohexanol Figure 2.
When dissolved in water Alka-Seltzer releases the antacid sodium citrate which reduces the amount of acid in the solution. Sodium citrate acts as buffer by neutralizing the stomach acid. A1 Enoch Kaun at Cary University conducted a similar experiment and dissolved the tablet into 3 different solutions- Sprite, water, and vinegar. It was discovered that Alka-Seltzer dissolved fastest in water and slowest in the Sprite. In another experiment
The normality of the unknown base is calculated after the solution has reached the end point. The amount of substance being delivered is calculated in units of equivalents per litre using the formula: VaNa = VbNb Experimental In order to titrate the acid with the unknown base, a solution of the acid was prepared. 5.1722 (±10%)g of potassium hydrogen phthalate acid is obtained using a weighing boat and transferred into a volumetric flask containing 250mL of boiled distilled water. Volumetric flask was shaken several times in order to assist the powder to dissolve. Once dissolved, 24.9734 (± 0.0045)mL of acid was pipetted into an Erlenmeyer flask along with 25mL of cool (recently boiled) distilled water.
Questions: 1. Write an equation that explains the solubility of diethylamine in water (CH2CH3)2NH (CH2CH3)2N+ (CH2CH3)2NOH (CH2CH3)2NOHO- (CH2CH3)2NO- 2. Write an equation for the reaction of dibutylamine with HCl and for treatment of the product with NaOH 3. For the reaction of butylamine with nitrous acid a) Write structural formula of the diazonium ion formed i. CH3CH2CH2CH2-N- b) From