n (3) Solutions of aqueous sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid react to form water and aqueous sodium chloride. co NaOH(s) → Na+(aq) + OH–(aq) ∆H1 = ? Chemistry with Vernier py In this experiment, you will use a Styrofoam-cup calorimeter to measure the heat released by three reactions. One of the reactions is the same as the combination of the other two reactions. Therefore, according to Hess’s law, the heat of reaction of the one reaction should be equal to the sum of the heats of reaction for the other two.
Quality Control for Athenium Baking Soda Company Introduction In this experiment, we will be using thermal gravimetric analysis (experiment 4) and HCL titration (experiment 12) to determine the percentage of NaHCO3 (baking soda) in the sample given. We will also be using emission analysis for group IA and IIA salts (experiment 10) to determine the impurities present. The purpose of this experiment is to determine the purity of a sample of baking soda given us by the Athenium Baking Soda Company. We will First determine the percentage of baking soda and then determine whether it contains particulates of CaCl2, LiCl, of KCl for the purpose of seeing whether it is pure and useable or not (the quality of the baking soda). We are performing the experiment to gain our spots on the team of quality control for the Athenium Baking Soda Company.
Purpose: The purpose of this experiment is to determine the quantities of the impurities of the baking soda produced by the Athenium Baking Soda Company and also identify the salts present in the baking soda sample. Introduction: NaHCO3, sodium bicarbonate or even sodium hydrogen carbonate, are many different names for a common item, baking soda. Baking soda are has many different uses, most of them involving cleaning household items. It does have other uses such as a hygiene product. There are several different ways to create baking soda, but the Athenium Baking Soda Company chose to make baking soda by reacting ammonium hydrogen carbonate with a highly concentrated aqueous solution of NaCl or brine.
3 x (C H5 N) = C3H15N3 Hydrated compounds Solving process: 1st- the difference between the initial mass and that of the dry sample is the mass of water that was driven off. Mass of hydrate minus mass of dry sample equals the mass of water 10.407 – 9.520 = 0.887 g 2nd- The mass of dry BaI2 and the mass of water are converted to MOLES. 9.520 g BaI2 x 1 mol BaI2 ∕ 391 g BaI2 = 0.0243 mol BaI2 anhydrate 0.887 g H2O x 1 mol H2O / 18.0 g H2O = o.o493 mol H2O 3rd: Dividing both results by the amt of 0.0243 mol, we get a ratio of 1 to 2.03, or 1 to 2, since the formula must have full numerical integers of water molecules, in other words no fractions of a water molecule. Thus, for every 1 mole of BaI2, there are two moles of water. The formula for the hydrate is written as BaI2 • 2H2O And it is named barium iodide dihydrate.
White precipitate shows the presence of chloride (Cl-). Chloride anion equation: HCl(aq) + AgNO3 (aq) → HNO3 (aq) + AgCl(s). The nitrate anion test involves cooling a mixture containing 1 mL of test solution and 3mL 18M H2SO4. 2mL is poured down the inner test tube side and the presence of a brown ring shows nitrate (NO3-) to be present. The carbonate anion test mixes 1 mL of test solution and drops of 6M HCl.
Therefore the alkalinity of water samples is being calculated. In the second approach, the two volume readings for the respective amounts of sulfuric acid used are being determined an indicator based method. Congo red and bromocresol green are being used as the indicators. Procedure (Outline provided as pre-lab): A. The pH meter was calibrated using standard pH solutions provided.
We added anhydrous Sodium Sulfate as a drying agent. To complete, we distilled the cyclohexene and collected the product. Knowing this data, we determined the yield % which is 58.5%. This experiment features the dehydration of cyclohexanol and produce cyclohexene. The acid catalyzed dehydration of cyclohexanol with distillative removal of the resulting cyclohexene from the reaction mixture
From your three trials, calculate the average volume of Na2S2O3 needed for the titration of 25.00mL of diluted bleach. 3. Use the average volume and the molarity of Na2S2O3 to determine the molarity of the diluted bleach. (Find moles of Na2S2O3, convert to moles of NaClO, and divide by volume of dilute bleach that was titrated in each trial to get M). 4.
Part C: Density of Sodium Chloride (NaCl) Solution, a sample of NaCl was obtained and measured using a 100mL beaker and a 10mL pipet to determine the concentration of the solution. In order to obtain the appropriate result, a calibration graph and density measurement was used to determine the concentration of the sodium chloride solution. In conclusion, based on the water temperature of 21.8°C in part A’s graduated cylinder experiment obtained, it was determined that the average density was .0973g/mL with a percentage error of 2.5%. When graphed the measurement was equal to Y=0.988x. Part B: The graduated pipet’s average density at 22.3 °C was determined to be 0.9785g/mL with a percentage error of 1.89% shows the graduated pipet to be more accurate and precise.
Observing Changes – Materials & Procedures Materials Water Copper (II) sulphate (Powder) Copper (II) sulphate solution Iron nail Sodium carbonate Hydrochloric acid Magnesium ribbon Flame (candle) Sugar Aluminum foil Test tubes Test tube rack Tongs Medicine dropper Spoons Beakers Safety goggles Scoopulas Procedures Water and Copper (II) Sulphate Procedure 1. Add a small amount of solid copper (II) sulphate to a test tube with a scoopula. Record the physical properties. 2. Write a hypothesis on what you think will happen when water is added.