Intelligence of Odysseus

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The definition of heroes changes through generations. Based on personal life experience and world events, recent heroes of both genders have displayed self-sacrifice, altruism, and dedication to improve the world. But the heroes in ancient times had only to display physical strength and sneaky, cunning intelligence. Odysseus, the King of Ithaca who ended the Trojan War with the wooden horse idea enraged the god of the sea, Poseidon. He survived many difficulties on his ten year voyage home. He met monsters, lost all of his crew, and finally ended up in his home country alone. In Homer’s epic The Odyssey, Odysseus shows both physical strength and sneaky, cunning intelligence. Odysseus’ sneaky, cunning intelligence contributes most essentially to his survival. When Odysseus won the battle against the Trojans Troy, he and his crew tried to get home. After a long time traveling on the sea, they reached Cyclopes’ land. The Cyclopes were giants with one eye. When Odysseus and some of his crew got on the island with wine, they found a huge cave with sheep kept in it. Odysseus and his crew went into the cave and waited for the giant, hoping the giant would treat them well. But the Cyclops named Polyphemus was evil and he ate two of Odysseus crew. Then the giant fell asleep. Odysseus and his crew then started planning to kill Polyphemus. Odysseus was more thoughtful than others. Instead of killing the giant, he led his crew in ramming a tree trunk into Polyphemus’ eye. “Now Cyclops, wheezing as the pain came on him,/ fumbled to wrench away the great doorstone and squatted in the breach with arms thrown wide/ for any silly beast or man who bolted---/ hoping somehow I might be such a fool.” When Odysseus’ crew saw that Cyclops was chewing their companions, they trembled. They, short shortsighted people, only knew how to prevent not being eaten by the Cyclops. They forgot that
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