The railway gave Russia access to Siberia and its vast resources such as coal, oil and metal ores these were considered ‘capital goods’ and led to a 50% economic growth; However still trailing far behind the great European powers such as Austro-Hungary which had a 79% increase. However Witte increased taxes on the already financially crippled peasants further increasing their debt, as they still had to pay redemption fees alexander the ii inflicted upon them despite
* The cities grew very fast. * Russia was able to develop its’ military power because of the capital goods created were used for military development. * BUT… * There were still poor working and living conditions which led to social unrest and alternatives to Tsarism. * 80% of the Russian population still worked on the land. * Russia had improved its’ economy and its industrial production, but it still lagged behind other super powers.
Like many industrial cities in the nineteenth century, Manchester fell to many problems pertaining the lives and wellbeing of its inhabitants. Living conditions were dire, and workers were working long hours with minimal pay. It was not until the 1832 Reform Bill and the Hours of Labor and Factories Act in 1844 that conditions were able to improve and Manchester was able to prosper. Although the industrialization of Manchester was cardinal for the modernization of man, Manchester’s growth also raised many issues in society. Technological advancements, quality of everyday life, and poor working conditions became major issues raised by the growth of Manchester, and people reacted to these issues in both negative and positive ways.
Russian agriculture was clearly improving. However, these developments were severely disrupted by the First World War. Some historians argued that had war not broken out, Russia could have developed a more stable, loyal and prosperous peasantry. This could suggest that World War I stopped the developments of Russia profoundly, and thus, could be a potential cause of the February Revolution. A lot of workers went on strike for better working conditions, in February 1905, there were 400,000 people striking, however, by the end of 1905, 2.7 million were striking.
It was times like these that inventors, organizers, and administrators dominated. They could hire poor immigrants from Europe and China and make a new work force. In addition, farmers unable to afford the new technology would move to the cities to find work, which led to mass increase in city population. People like Thomas Edison, J.P. Morgan, John D. Rockefeller, and Andrew Carnegie appeared on the scene and were some of the first, and certainly the most famous, to take advantage of the situation. They profited immensely, “and so it went, in industry after industry—shrewd, efficient businessmen building empires, choking out competition, maintaining high prices, keeping wages low, using government subsidies.
While the peasants began to see higher wages in the cities seeming positive it meant that many people moved causing an over-crowding in cities and 4/5 people were still peasants despite the wage increase. In a political aspect while they managed to get universal primary education and health insurance, the Tsar issued ‘Fundamental law’ giving him the right to govern by degree. In this essay we will discuss many cases in which change was created and in other cases in which it was not in both rural reform under Stolypin and Political Reform also. When looking at Stolypin and his reasons for reform it appears that he states his main reason for doing so was wanting to reduce social bitterness and ease tension, however his hopes in doing this was that the peasants would becomes more loyal to the tsarist regime and therefore the tension of the thought of another Revolution would cease to exist. Stolypin had policiesin which to improve
This caused the division of society between the countryside and towns. In the countryside peasants were still paying for land given to them when they became free. The richer peasants (known as the kulaks) gained more land and ran small local businesses which widened the gap between rich and poor peasants even more. In the towns and cities workers very little and barely enough to survive and there working hours were too long, however Sergei Witte eventually introduced the 11 ½ hour working day in 1897 but this was usually ignored by employers. The Russo-Japanese War was another factor that caused opposition and unrest in Russia and it lasted from 1904 to 1905.
This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. The greatest economic turning point in the period studied was Stalin’s economic policies. Despite having a growing proletariat class, Russia still had, in 1926, a majorly agrarian economy. It was with Stalin’s Five Year Plans that it really emerged as an industrial nation. This, along with collectivisation, was a turning point that made Russian economy one of the largest and fastest growing in the world at the time.
The US has become a major world power in the late 19th century because we have created so many things to become industrialized. Many people came into the cities because there were many jobs available so the city growth increasingly populated. Working conditions of these jobs where horrible. The populists seen this and tell the world about the small farmers problems. Carnegie seen that the rich becoming more rich will help the economy prosper and become better.
As the United States saw unprecedented industrial growth following the Civil War an unprecedented demand for labor, mostly cheap and unskilled, also grew. The vast majority of these "new immigrants" came here seeking work and the dream of going from "rags to riches". More so than before, this group of new settlers faced more of a hardship in terms of acceptance. There was a well-known group called the “Know Nothings” who were strongly anti-immigration. Anyway, this wave of immigrants helped aid in the induction of new neighborhoods such as Little Italy and China Town.