Assess the Reasons for Opposition and Unrest in Russia from 1894 to 1905

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Assess the reasons for opposition and unrest in Russia from 1894 to 1905 During 1894-1905 Russia faced much opposition to its dictatorship rule by Tsar Nicholas II. There was social unrest throughout Russia within this time period, which was created by economic troubles, the loss in the Russo-Japanese war and political problems. The Tsar was also a very weak figure and there was Opposition to the autocratic system. Industrialisation in Russia helped Russia’s economy grow massively and in 1914 it was one of the causes of opposition and social unrest in Russia, as industrialisation caused a gap between the rich and poor. This caused the division of society between the countryside and towns. In the countryside peasants were still paying for land given to them when they became free. The richer peasants (known as the kulaks) gained more land and ran small local businesses which widened the gap between rich and poor peasants even more. In the towns and cities workers very little and barely enough to survive and there working hours were too long, however Sergei Witte eventually introduced the 11 ½ hour working day in 1897 but this was usually ignored by employers. The Russo-Japanese War was another factor that caused opposition and unrest in Russia and it lasted from 1904 to 1905. It started because both japan and Russia wanted to expand and dominate in places like Manchuria and Korea. Russia suffered many defeats in the Russo-Japanese war, against a nation that was considered by the Russian people as inferior. This humiliated the people of Russia, and caused them to lose confidence in Tsar Nicholas II, as well as causing great military, economic, and political problems for Russia. An example of a great failure of the military was at the Battle of Tsushima. The Russian fleet which had many warships had sailed from northern Europe to the Far East, only to lose most of
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