* Federalists- People who supported the Constitution during its adoption. They believed in large national government, weaker state government, and government by the elites. * Anti-Federalists- People who opposed the Constitution during its adoption. They wanted a small national government, strong state government, rule of the common man, and protections of individual liberties. * Define and give an example of separation of powers and checks and balances * Separation of powers- An aspect of the Madisonian Model of government that requires each of the three branched of government to be independent of and to share power with each other so that one cannot control the others.
The nation is therefore key to political organisation. Liberal nationalism has followed the political nationalist agenda of seeking national self-determination and thus the creation of a nation-state. The ultimate goal of liberal nationalism is a world of independent nation-states. All nations are seen to have an equal right to freedom and self-determination. For Woodrow Wilson, only a democratic republic could be a genuine nation-state.
● How could a political idea based on small communities be applied to a new country as large as the U.S.? ● Classical Republicanism conflicted with natural rights. James Madison refined the ideas of classical republicanism “Father of the Constitution” ● Democracy: people administer the gov’t themselves ● “direct democracies” confined to small communities ● Republic: People’s representatives administer the government, covering a larger area. Madison ….. ● America should have a republican form of government ○ Laws made by representatives, elected by the people ○ Members should be elected by a large number of the people ○ Representative Democracy. How did the founders adapt the ideal of civic virtue to the American republic?
The Federalists sought to create a Constitution that promoted a republican government in which it would strengthen the national government that could serve the purpose of and oversee national policies including defence and taxation. They argued that a strong central government would foster the commercial growth of the new country. Furthermore a prominent Federalist, Alexander Hamilton, believed that the Anti-Federalists' belief in “the idea of an actual representation of all classes of the people by persons of each class is altogether visionary”. That is, the Federalists did not see society as made up principally of farmers, as did the Anti Federalists, but instead viewed it as comprising many different and competing interest groups, none of which would be completely dominant in a federalist system of government.
Aristotle’s Regime of The Americans Aristotle’s Regime of the Americans depicts his strong identifications of the government rule. He creates a philosophical view of the strengths and weaknesses of the American government. Through the use of descriptive language Aristotle expresses why he believes that though Americans have thrown out the monarchy they are still portraying it in there so-called “democracy”. America is thought to be the land of the free but in Aristotle’s Regime of the Americans we quickly learn that we are not as free as we are thought to be. Aristotle believes that our three offices of the senate, the assembly, and the courts which are supposed to represent democracy are in fact monarchs.
First, to allow Congress to regulate interstate trade and commerce. Also, to allow Congress the ability to tax people. America needed to find a medium between a strong national government and a democracy for the people. Hamilton favored the British system. Madison favored republican values in which interests would check one another.
Paine’s view of the ideal form of government was premised upon “a principal in nature…that the more simple any thing is, the less liable it is to be disordered”(7). Simple and natural government for Paine was representative republican government, and he attacked the English Constitution and argued that balanced government was necessary for civic
Embarking to achieve this objective, Roosevelt came to be a president of the normal man while Wilson turned into the "better" dynamic president. Despite the fact that they were both progressives, the two presidents had distinctive ways as a primary concern for the fate of the United States. Their alternate point of view and necessities were apparent in their addresses: New Nationalism by Roosevelt and New Freedom by Wilson. Wilson's New Freedom looked to the demolition of all trusts to push budgetary rivalry and allow little organizations by and by to thrive. While the national government was to utilize its energy on a one-time premise to bust all trusts, the central government was to have no part in managing business.
10, which discusses the means of preventing faction and advocates for a large republic (and warns of the dangers of a democracy), No. 10 addresses the question of how to guard against "factions," Democracy: “the people” (human nature?) Majority rule (tyranny?) Minority right (faction?) Federalist No.
After examining the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution, the Constitution better represents the reasons that the Revolutionary War was fought by unifying the states, avoiding a monarchy, and also simply solving any major crisis that rose. One of the main principles in which the Revolutionary War was fought was to become their own country. When they became the “United” States of America, they did not intend to become the “Individual” States of America. The Articles of Confederation permitted the states to act as if they were totally separate countries instead of one. The Constitution was able to unify the states under one strong, central government and unify the states creating a strong, independent country.