Explain how Christians make moral decisions. (25 marks) Christians have different ways of making moral decisions. Some rely on pure Biblical teaching, others on the Churches leadership, and others on their own conscience and others on Thomas Aquinas’ Natural Law. People of the Catholic Church believe Jesus gave His authority to Peter, and it has been passed down ever since, currently lying with Pope Benedict. The Catholic Church has a magisterium - its teachings have a God-given authority that is equal to the authority of scripture.
There are lots of different interpretations of which source of morality is the greatest for use within the contemporary world. There are also two main categories these sources fall into; intellectual or instinctual. The Bible “All Scripture is inspired by God and is useful for teaching, for rebuking, for correcting, for training in righteousness, in order that the man of God may be fully qualified, equipped for every good work.” For orthodox Protestants (Jehovah’s witnesses) and Evangelical Christians they affirm the Bible, first and foremost, as the inspired narrative of God's loving plan of redemption for His creation. These sects of Christianity tend to believe that the Bible is the only method that should be used when making ethical decisions, with writer Carl F. H. Henry calling ‘biblical ethics’ ‘Christian ethics.’ There is a diversity of approaches in the Bible which Christians can use to make ethical decisions; the Old Testament which includes the Decalogue, many of which have been applied in practical law today (‘thou shalt not kill’); and the New Testament involving the teachings of Jesus and St. Paul and the Golden Rule (‘treat others how you’d like to be treated’). The Bible is the witness to the central events of the Christian faith.
He and his wife Shawn have three children: Brennan, Emma, and Eve. Content Summary Chapter 1: Mentoring in the First Century As the title of the chapter states, this first chapter gives us a look at mentors in the first century that are biblical examples. The writer points out that even though “making disciples” is only found a few times in the New Testament, mentorship or discipleship is ramped throughout the bible. The author explains that Jesus was not the only one that utilized and developed disciples. He says that John the Baptist had disciples and Paul had Barnabas.
Churches regard this as a sacred ritual ordained by God. Water has always represented purification in any religion. In Christianity, a new believer often is baptized with water in front of the congregation to declare their faith in God. Even Jesus was baptized before the start of his public ministry to the world. Before Jesus ascended into heaven, he commanded all his disciples to baptize all the nations for the glory of God.
It is a handbook of worship and Church practise, from which we learn of the views of the early Christian church, and how they interpreted Scripture. It shows us how our primitive Church was structured, and what the ancestors of our Church deemed to be of importance. From reading the Didache, one may get the impression that it could perhaps be directed at a non-Christian, that is intending to join Christianity, for it seems to be laid out almost like a set of guidelines, or a handbook of instructions. St. Athanasius the Apostilic, a Church father, and
Avery Dulles provides numerous understandings of the nature of faith. One of the most prominent views is referred to as the propositional model. As Dulles states, “A large number of theologians look on faith as an assent to revealed truths on the authority of God the revealer” (170). The “truths”, otherwise known as propositions, can be found written in Scripture and in given situations, can be formed into strong declarative statements. One of the most crucial aspects of the propositional model is the idea of assent, or the agreement to God’s will.
Where the other two Christian systems talk about conflicting morals and doing the lesser of the evils, the unqualified absolutism ethical system supports the idea that God cannot have contradicting morals and that he does not differ from one day to the next in his laws. In theory, the unqualified absolutism ethical system is where my heart is pushing me, but in practice I do not know if my judgment would follow. The Calvary Chapel Bible College has a link to this subject that describes scenarios in an unqualified absolutism ethical system. One of the scenarios describes that you should never commit one sin to prevent another, even if the latter seems far worse. For example if you were to tell a lie to prevent a murder or rape, the text describes that you should not do so because God sees all sin as equal.