If muscles are being used on a daily basis they will remain strong and firm (with exceptions of some diseases affecting them). While moving and repositioning anyone it is important to remember that most of the joints have limited abilities and trying to make them move outside of their range may cause a severe pain or serious damage to the skeletal or muscular system. Those take long time to heal and are very painful. In order to be able to move nerve fibres that go through the whole body send impulses from the Central Nervous System into the muscles that enable them to contract and relax. Poor moving and handling techniques may damage those fibres which would affect moving ability of a
Muscles pull and move the bones at particular joints, this makes the joint move and therefore the body moves. When a muscle contracts, it pulls the bones at a joint in the direction that it is designed to move. With reduced mobility, muscles can become weak and make movement slow and more difficult. Joints are where two or more bones make contact. Some joints allow more movement than others.
Dementia - The person may be confused and might not understand what you are saying and when you are supporting them to move. You should show the person by your actions and allow more time to complete the position change. Stroke - A person may have one arm or leg stronger than the other. This needs to be taken into account when weight bearing or moving as to avoid putting unnecessary pressure on the weak side. 2 Understand current legislation and agreed ways of working when moving and positioning individuals 2.1 Management of health and safety at work regulation – This introduced the requirements for risk assessment when moving and position individuals.
There may be limited movement or maybe very painful. The person may limp or be unable to bear weight. Tendon or the sheath around a tendon becomes inflamed and the sufferer gets a excruciating pain. There is a build up of excessive fluid in the synovium (membrane in the knee capsule). This may also indicate towards an underlying condition.
2. There are a number of conditions that can have an impact on the correct movement and positioning of people. Arthritis People suffering with arthritis will often have stiff painful joints and frequently have limited movement in the affect areas. Care needs to be taken when moving or positioning arthritic people, to reduce the possibility of causing pain and discomfort. You also need to be aware of
Whatever mobility means to you, it is important that you check with people what mobility means for them. 1.2 explain how different health conditions may affect and be affected by mobility There are many conditions that can affect a persons mobility as they because older and the joints of the body because worn. Not all mobility problems are caused by age; some people are born with health conditions that can affect their mobility. Mobility may also be affected following an accident or illness. Some people develop conditions that affect the muscles and ligaments connecting to bones, so they cannot move around easily.
There are a few different types of joints in the human body such as ball and socket joints, hinge joints and pivot joints all which allow different types of movement. These joints are held together by muscles which work like levers to allow the bones at a joint to work like hinges. Muscles pull and move the bones at particular joints and this is what makes joints move thus the body moves. When supporting moving and positioning activities it is important to remember that muscles can only move joints as far as the joint allows. For example knees and elbow joints have limited movement and it is important to know how easy it is to these damage joints for example heaving people around a bed without using correct equipment or illegal lifting a person under their arms.
It can affect you physically, but it can also affect your concentration and motivation, and often comes on for no apparent reason and without warning. Flare-up – a period where symptoms are worse than normal, sometimes known as a ‘flare’. ligaments – tough, fibrous bands anchoring the bones on either side of a joint and holding the joint together. In the spine they’re attached to the vertebrae and restrict spinal movements, therefore giving stability to the back. lupus (systemic lupus erythematosus or Sle) – an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the body’s own tissues.
It is of immense importance that individuals are correctly moved and positioned in a safe way following laws and legislations. Specific conditions may have an impact on the correct way to move and position an individual for instance following a stroke, an individual will often have weakness in a limb or the whole of one side of the body. Or in regards to a condition such as Parkinson’s disease, sufferers of Parkinson’s disease can experience limb rigidity, affecting normal movement and positioning. Never push these limbs further than its limits as it could damage the joint and cause discomfort and pain. As reaction times in sufferers of Parkinson’s disease are slower you should never rush them and always look for non-verbal signs of pain or discomfort as they may not be able to tell you.
With Becker disease people often experience temporary attacks of muscle weakness, normally in the arms and hands, this is normally brought on by movement after periods of rest. They may also develop mild, permanent muscle weaken over a period of time. This is not shown in people with Thomsen disease. Although myotonia can affect any skeletal muscles, including muscles of the face and tongue, it occurs most often in the legs. Myotonia causes muscle stiffness that can interfere with movement.