Unit 4222 Essay

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Unit 4222-232 Move and position individuals according to their plan of care (HSC 2028) Out come 1 Outline the anatomy and physiology in relation to moving and positioning individuals. 1. When carrying out moving and positioning activities it is important to use correct moving and handling techniques. Understanding the physiology and anatomy of the human body allows you to due this whilst reducing the risk of injury to yourself and others when undertaking moving and handling procedures Anatomy= The physical structure of the human body= The skeletal system. Physiology =The normal functions of the body= The muscular system. Muscles work like levers and allow the bones to work like hinges. Muscles pull and move particular joints allowing our body to move. By the muscles contracting it pulls the bones in the direction we want to go. It’s vital to use your muscles regularly; this keeps them firm and lets them move more easily .poorly used muscles become floppy making movement slower and more difficult. Never use a muscle more than the joint allows as this will cause painful damage. Example of this is elbow and knee joint’s have limited movement and should not be used more than joint allows. Poor handling techniques can damage our delicate nerve fibres that send impulses to our muscles enabling them to contract and relax .so when doing a moving and handling techniques we must always follow the correct procedure keeping the risk of injure to lowest possible level. 2. There are a number of conditions that can have an impact on the correct movement and positioning of people. Arthritis People suffering with arthritis will often have stiff painful joints and frequently have limited movement in the affect areas. Care needs to be taken when moving or positioning arthritic people, to reduce the possibility of causing pain and discomfort. You also need to be aware of
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