Nixon’s Politics HIS/135 12/10/2011 Conflicts of national interest caused the World War II alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union to be replaced by a Cold War. It was mainly a dispute over the future of Europe, which grew to include conflicts around the world. Although no war between the United States and the Soviet Union was ever officially declared, the leaders of the democratic West and the Communist East faced off against each other in what is known as the Cold War. The Cold War, the war of tensions and nuclear stalemate which described the period immediately after the end of World War II to the fall of Berlin wall. Europe was divided into two sections East and West.
The Cold War began in 1949 the superpowers used spying propaganda, diplomacy, and secret operations in their dealing with each other. The Berlin blockades heighten Western Europe’s fears of Soviet aggression. Soviet actions in Eastern Europe helped produce Western hostility toward their former ally, but the Western powers could do nothing to halt consolidation of Soviet authority in that region short of going to war. However, the United States and its allies had greater success in halting Soviet expansion in areas where Soviet influence was more tenuous. Europe lay divided between East and West.
Although the cold war had begun long before the Berlin Blockade it only amplified the suspicion between the USA and the USSR. By the end of the Berlin Blockade America had set up NATO with the aim of “deterring Soviet expansionism”(NATO) meanwhile USSR responded by creating their own military alliance: The Warsaw Pact. After the Berlin Blockade America and the Soviet Union were opposed military, ideologically and economically. The Berlin Blockade was the first point of tension between the two former allies, although the problem originally arose from the US introducing a new currency into Bizonia it was the Soviet’s rash reaction that almost lead to
The war was essentially fought with the Communist nations led by the Soviet Union, and the democratic nations led by the United States (“What Was the Cold War”, 2012). Both parties due to the threat of nuclear mass destruction avoided direct military action. Several major catastrophes occurred during the Cold War era, however, open war never transpired because of nuclear weapon dangers. The events that took place were the Berlin Airlift (1948-1949), the Korean Conflict (1950-1953), the Cuban Missile Crisis (1962), the Vietnam War (1964-1975), and the Afghan Invasion (1979-1989) (“Cold War: After World War 2 Ended”, 2012). The Cold War was a peculiar era – and the American people experienced most of it first-hand.
The allies met at Potsdam in July 1945, where the German division was agreed, though there were still disagreements over Poland. At this conference, there is some evidence supporting that early development of the cold war was primarily due to great power rivalry, when Truman was informed of successful explosion of an atomic bomb. He kept this secret from Stalin, not knowing that through his spy network, he was already aware. This only emphasizes the distrust between the two superpowers, and shows strive for power on both sides. In 1946, George Kennan, American ambassador to Moscow formulated the USA’s ‘containment’ policy through the Kennan telegram.
The Cold War mainly occured between the United States and the Soviet Union. It was called as Cold War because these two enemies never fought each other directly. Instead, they expressed the conflict through the military coalitions, propaganda, and technological competitions (Pike). In this respect, this paper will explain the role of communism of America’s diplomatic policies especially during the Cold War era. Though other parts of the world have had to protect their mainlands, for more than 150 years, the United States has not faced such a threat.
Truman’s foreign policy may have been a major cause to start up the cold war due to his aggressive economic policy. There are many arguments that support the theory that Truman did actually contribute largely in starting up the Cold War. In the Potsdam conference, Truman had replaced Roosevelt as the new president and told Stalin that the USA had tested an atomic bomb, in order to intimidate him and try to show him the US’s superiority. Truman also had promoted the European Recovery Programme and The Marshall Plan, these two projects provided economic aid to European countries in an attempt to keep them in a capitalist government instead of having them turn to a communist government in an attempt to solve their problem, this also led to create fear in the USSR since the USA was attempting to make allies in the Eastern parts of Europe, attempting to both contain communism and to enclose Russia. The Marshall Aid plan also created worry in the USSR since it was revitalizing the German economy and it was the Germans who had twice invaded the USSR and caused great damage to it, especially Hitler’s regime, which had invaded less that five years ago and Russia was still recovering from the damage caused.
This is why I think we shouldn’t have nukes in some countries of the world. There could be a potential world war III all from one nuke. For example the launching of a big out right war using nuclear war heads against Iran has activated drawing boards of the pentagon since 2005. Since 2005 we have been at war with Iran. This has turned into a pre world war three shaking countries all over the world.
During the Cold War, there was a massive increase nuclear weapons manufactured. This disposed a danger because a small conflict could have escalated into a full-scale nuclear war. This possibility forced the two powers to co-exist is a forced friendship. Instead of fighting each other directly, indirect confrontation was chosen instead, and on several occasions. There are several reasons as to why they never met each other directly on the battlefield.
This agreement said that Hitler was free to invade a portion of Czechoslovakia, as long as he went no further. While the British and French saw it as a peace agreement, the Soviet Union started to grow suspicious, and though that what these two countries were really trying to achieve was a Nazi-Soviet war, since they expected that the