However, you shouldn't make the assumption that devotion to ideology was all that was behind Cold War animosity; countries tend to be more complaint trading partners with countries that share their political systems and both Stalin and the Cold War Era presidents in the US knew this. The tension eventually built, but no one wanted to go to actual war again after the colossal massacre of WWII, hence the term Cold War. 2. Describe and explain the ideological differences between the United Stated and the Soviet Union. In 1917, Russia became a communist country with an agenda of converting the world to communism.
The Cold War Between 1945 and 1989, the Soviet Union was in conflict with the United States of America, although the conflict never came to open warfare. Even though both sides wanted to undermine and destroy each other, if it came to open warfare both countries would have been destroyed by the use of their nuclear weapons. The USA “battled for non-communist, capitalist regimes” whereas the USSR was very much a communist dictatorship, however they had one thing in common; both sides believed that they held the key to the future happiness of the human race. There were many causes to the Cold War, although the Potsdam Conference in 1945 was the most influential. In February 1945, the Yalta Conference was held.
The Vietnamese people have a very different way of life compared to the first world countries such as America and Britain. Among those differences are things like the working jobs, cities villages, technology and of course, warfare tactics. When the communist ruled North Vietnamese came face to face with the big bad capitalistic government of America, they knew that it would be impossible with their numbers to fight like the previous world wars in open battle. The Viet Minh were battle hardened and their tactics of guerilla warfare succeeded in defeating the French occupation in 1956 so they knew exactly what needed to be done. Viet Cong, communist soldiers hiding in South Vietnam set explosives in buildings, cars and military bases to harass the Americans and their South Vietnamese allies.
The blame for the Cold War cannot be placed on one person -- it developed as a series of chain reactions as a struggle for power. It can be argued that the Cold War was inevitable, and therefore no one's fault, due to the differences in the capitalist and communist ideologies. It was only the need for protection that had caused the two countries to sink their differences temporarily during the Second World War. Yet many of the tensions that existed in the Cold War can be attributed to Stalin's policy of Soviet expansion. Stalin's foreign policies contributed an enormous amount to the tensions of the Cold War.
Many would question how a country like Afghanistan could have had any impact on the strongest communist nation of all time, the United of Soviet Socialist Republics, and most people would answer by saying that U.S.S.R was already on the verge of falling apart and Afghanistan was the final conflict that pushed it. I believe that Afghanistan was a strong role in the fall of the Soviet Union. The outcome of the invasion of Afghanistan had proved that the Red Army was in fact not untouchable. Thus, this had caused many Russian republics to demand independence and challenge the Red Army. And most importantly, the economy of the Soviet Union was in ruins after the U.S.S.R had chose to spend massive amounts of money on wars and the arms race.
Although the US and USSR seemed to have absolutely nothing in common they both had extremely strong militaries. The US and USSR feared each other because they were afraid that the other would take over their country and spread their own government ideas. With that, the USSR sets off the first atomic bomb and soon after the United States and Soviet Union were involved in an “Arms Race”. Both countries built up strong armies and worked up a huge stock of nuclear weapons believing that this would prevent a nuclear war. The main difference between the US and the USSR is their government systems.
The United States and the Soviet Union had the most powerful military forces. The Cold War got its name because neither the United States nor the Soviet Union wanted to openly fight each other and they were afraid of each other’s power. Communism came to the Soviet Union in 1918. The United States didn’t trust the communist. Communism’s goal was to bring down capitalism in any way possible.
The biggest fear of all growing and developed countries in the 20th century was the spread of communism. Communism is like a disease that spreads and kills all successful economies in its path. For the United States, communism was at its greatest threat potential during the time period between the end of the Second World War in 1945 up until the Vietnam war in 1970. However, the United States was successful in denying the threat of communism dispersion within America. From 1945 at the Yalta Conference, up until the end of the Vietnam war in 1970, the initial goal of United States foreign policy was to deny the spread of communism.
Later that year in Potsdam, many open disagreements took place because Germany had lost the war so Russia had promised to fulfil, Churchill had lost the 1945 election and Roosevelt died so Truman, who replaced him was angered by the large scale reparations imposed on Germany and the setting up of a communist government in Poland. He did not trust Russia, so kept him in the dark about him having the atomic bomb in 1945 before he dropped it on Japan to get them to surrender. By America using the atomic bomb, Stalin knew that it was possible for it to be used against them. Russia was therefore tricked by America preventing the Red Army from going to Japan. This threatened Russia and warned them that America was wary of them and could act on it.