As well as this, Gladstone also wanted to improve landlord and tenant relationships as the landlords could easily evict tenants randomly as it was a very unfair controlling system. The Irish Land Act meant there were limitations on the land lords’ eviction power and compensation was given for tenants who had been evicted. Numbers of lordships complained as many Protestants were absentee landowners so it was an incredible achievement to get the reforms through. Gladstone’s First Ministry could be considered successful in many ways. He improved efficiency and tackled the issue of
This was an advantage for the red army as it was easy to communicate which helped them in the battle fields and be much easier to be successful in the war without communication they weren’t able to come up with tactics and plan how they would attack the whites, also railway support would bring the army weapons and food supplies very quickly. But the disadvantage to the red army was they didn’t have many men fighting for them. Another Red army advantages during the war was Ruthlessness. Lenin's leadership, the Bolsheviks showed a load of ruthlessness making sure that don’t face rebellion and revolt in the areas they controlled like Petrograd and Moscow, Bolsheviks were smart to close newspapers which were against them so the public won’t go against them, also the Bolsheviks created a secret police which were called the Chaka’s,
The change in Chinese policy was to shatter the perception of a bipolar world that existed since the beginning of the cold war. Superpower relations were now best described as a triangular process involving china, the USSR and the USA. Therefore, the deterioration in Sino-soviet relations in the years 1958-69 was due to a change in China’s foreign policy to protect Chinese national security, rather than simply being put down to personal rivalries. The communist takeover of China in 1949 was viewed by the US government as another victory for the forces of world communism. Mao was seen as an instrument of the Soviet Union’s bid to spread worldwide revolution.
How far did the Cultural Revolution strengthen Mao’s personal control of China? Prior to the Cultural Revolution of 1966-9, Mao’s personal power over China had been weakened due to the rise of several political opponents and the power struggle between the years 1962-5 which meant that the Cultural Revolution increased Mao’s personal power to a significant extent. However whilst Mao may of now had ultimate authority, this came at the expense of the increased militarism of China and in turn led to the increased power of both Lin Biao and the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). There are other aspects that the Cultural Revolution had an impact in terms of power that allowed Mao’s own power to be strengthened including, the weakening of the Chinese Communist Party, the militarism of China and the power of the army it’s leader Lin Biao. It can be argued that the Cultural Revolution strengthened Mao’s personal power, because one of the main outcomes was the weakening of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and their power.
One reason why the opponents of the Tsars were more successful than those of the Communists was the fact that, under the Tsars, opposition attained a legal status. It can be argued that the implementation of the Zemstvos under Alexander II paved the way for the full legalisation of opposition, as this allowed the spawning of political ideas. However, under Nicholas II this was more prevalent, as the October Manifesto allowed for the full legalisation of opposition through the implementation of the Dumas. Though the Dumas acted as unsuccessful opposition to the Tsar – as he declared the Fundamental Laws almost immediately after the Dumas came into existence – this was important as it allowed the opposition groups to burgeon. Unlike the regimes of both Alexander II and III, political discussion was allowed, and as such it developed more so than at any other time in the period.
During these years, which mark the first in Mao’s reign as leader in China, there were a number of key features of Communist rule in China, notably land reform, economic policies, as well as violence. In this essay, I intend to argue that violence was a key feature, but that there are other factors that could be described as being ‘key’ also. Mao’s immediate aim upon coming to power was to gain control of the cities, where the GMD had been at its strongest. He was determined to stamp out any remaining support for the GMD and ordered massacres of suspects. 65,000 people were killed in Guangzhou and 28,000 in Shanghai.
Nevertheless, progressive reformers and the federal government were for the most part effective in bringing reform to the political, economic, and social problems throughout the country in the early 1900’s. Political problems during the Progressive Era were big issues due to the previous role of the political machine, a political organization contained of a boss and many people underneath who used bribery to obtain votes for their respective parties. The abuse of political machines pushed reformers toward the idea of a greater democracy. The most important reform in politics throughout the early 1900’s was that of the direct primary. The idea that voters could choose presidential candidates was new because normally only a select number of people would be able to do so.
This was made effortless with the aid of the introduction of Smallpox which caused devastation across the native population. In comparison to the other European Empires, Spain were able to establish a powerful government over their vast conquered territories with the creation of a powerful network of Viceroyalty, which controlled different regions. Spain was also vital in the development of trade between Europe and the America’s, earning them the title of the richest country in Europe by the end of the 16th century. When compared to other European Empires, Spain were notable the most successful in the colonisation of territories overseas, however, many factors halted their progress, which creates the argument that’s their efforts only had a certain extent of success. The early 1500’s saw the Laws of the Indies introduced in order to help Christianise the indigenous natives, a motivational tactic behind Spain’s fight for colonial expansion.
To a certain extent I believe that the impact of the 1st World War was beneficial to the economy and society of the USA. However, on the other hand I don’t agree with the statement as some problems did occur in the society and economy of the USA. It can be argued that the impact of the 1st World War was important on the economy, especially employment. This is a strong argument because during the war employment increased to an extent where 1.3 million jobs were created. It could be argued that this was due to America’s neutrality to the war until April 1917 causing the USA not to have any war damage and this changed America’s economy as they replaced Britain and London as the USA and New York became the Financial Centre of the world.
With so many different methods, it was easier for the Tsar to repress small scale revolutions and uprisings, than if they all got together. Peaceful propaganda got them nowhere and the lack of clear of capable leadership meant that yet again the Tsar could dodge another bullet. With such strong deep roots embedded into society, it comes to no surprise as to the survival of the Tsarist rule for so long. People were born believing in the righteousness of the Tsar, and those who rebelled