Why was the Chinese communist party able to survive chiang kai-sheks- attack against it in the years 1927-1935? It was made clear that Chiang’s ultimate goal was to abolish the CCP when he turned against them in the first united front by ordering of the ‘white terror’ in 1927. Like always the GMD failed in this mission and many got away from the shanghai massacre. There was a sheer struggle to survive but though certain events such as the long march, zunyi meeting, encirclement campaign and the patience which led to their success. The CCP survived during the Nanjing decade was due to the Futian incident in 1930.
This was instrumental in gathering support. Sneevliet and Borodin essentially organised both parties, the Kuomintang and the Chinese Communist Party, however the Kuomintang had significantly a much higher membership than the Chinese Communist Party did. Moreover, The Soviet Union’s cadre also helped form the ideas of the Chinese Communist Party’s leadership and were therefore, also instrumental at its formation. The Soviet Union gave back concessions to China however, this only furthered the cause of Communism than any propaganda. The Chinese people could relate to the anti-Empire element of communism which attracted more Chinese people to support the Soviet Union and allow them to help aid the country to defeat the warlords in China and the Soviet Union be-giving the government in league with the warlords.
Personal differences between Khrushchev and Mao rather than ideological views and national interests were responsible for China’s rapprochement with the USA in the 1970’s. How far do you agree with this statement? The USA and Russia’s bitter feud throughout the cold war took a drastic turn when China turned to the USA in the 1970’s, many did not anticipate the move given the Chinese had been on the Soviets communist side in the preceding years. Relationship changes between the Chinese and Soviet leaders are credited with the split but within their differences it is debatable as to what really caused the split. Some argue that ideological views and nationalist interests were the key factor however some dispute that the personal differences between the two leaders got to a point of no reconciliation.
The Chinese peasants and lower class suffered the most. In 1917, the Beijing government declared war against Germany in the hopes that the Allies would return China into Chinese hands. Unfortunately, the Treaty of Versailles stated that Japan would be given the territories and privileges that the Chinese sought. This enraged many Chinese, and the May Fourth Movement occurred. Middle class people: workers, manufacturers, students, shopkeepers and Mao Zedong (who would later become China’s greatest revolutionary) supported it.
Principles of Warfare HS215 Great Commanders Principles of Warfare The Chinese Nationalist party took a very hard line against the communists, and went on a campaign of eradication starting in 1927. The Communist movement was almost extinguished, if not for the spectacular military leadership of Mao Zedong. He developed an army that could be loved and relied upon by the people. The innovative battlefield decisions he made kept the Red army not just alive but successful against a much better equipped and larger force. I believe that if Zedong had commanded the Confederate troops during the American Civil War, Sherman would not have stood a chance.
Not only for this reason did China attack the US, but also Mao Zedong wanted to strengthen his position in china and thought attacking the US would do so. This was a huge failure as it made the opposition stronger as they had China now to deal with as well as North Korea and the USSR pushing the NK’s to carry on the war. This failure made the US retreat. The Korean War has political successes within it for the US. The fact that they stopped North Korea and Kim Il Sung from
Jonathan Fenby argues that the revolution of 1912 brought great opportunity for the prospect of a turning point but the regimes that came directly after “lacked the tools with which to bring about the scale of change required”. The fall of the Qing impacted on a social, political and economic level, not always in a positive fashion but great decisive change nonetheless. Qing China was a time of great political and social repression. However there was some attempt within the Qing period to reform, for instance in the year 1905 the degree system was transformed, ending a thousand-year tradition. Examples like this and the introduction of provincial assemblies in 1909 indicates that social and political reform was happening under the Qing.
The Chinese Communist Party was founded in the early 1920s by people who were influenced by the ideas of anarchism and Marxism. They were inspired by the 1918 Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and the May the Fourth Movement, which swept across China at the end of World War I. When the CCP was founded, China was a divided country ruled by various local warlords and controlled by treaties which gave other countries special trading rights. The individuals who founded the CCP believed that a revolution was the best path to strengthen and empower China. In 1922, the CCP joined the bigger and more powerful revolutionary party, the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT), to form the First United Front (1922-27).
This Blitzkrieg caught Stalin by surprise because he was still recovering from the purges that had wiped out a great amount of his top officers. This unfortunate happening for Stalin was an advantage for Hitler. He and his army managed to wipe out two and a half million Russians. Even though the Germans had the advantage the Russians weren’t going to give up without a fight. They also had an advantage because Hitler broke the Nazi-Soviet pact with Stalin which took Stalin by surprise.
Within the years 1949-1962, Mao implemented two “Five Year Plans,” both of which altered the industrial status of China. These industrial reforms focused specifically on developing China’s best assets for instance coal and textile manufacturing. They also targeted other main industries as well, such as transport and steel. The events that took place during this period undoubtedly resulted in various adjustments to Chinese industry. However, whether or not China’s industry experienced a process of profound and radical change between 1949 and 1962 is a debatable topic, which can be argued either way.