The Germans, who continued making territorial gains (marked 2), eventually began aiding the pro-Tsarist White Russian forces, attempting to stem the very revolt they had helped to foster. However the damage to the Russian infrastructure was too great, and the "White" Russians were eventually forced from power by the "Red" Communists. The treaty of Brest-Litovsk was finally concluded with the new Bolshevik government on March 3, 1918, stripping their country of all provinces west of the Ukraine. That treaty was annulled by the Armistice of November 11, and the new government in Moscow eventually re-established its presence in all of the previously held lands. Ironically, one of the lasting actions by the Bolsheviks was the attempted indoctrination of German prisoners-of-war.
However, a major contribution to the fall of the Romanov Dynasty was the views of the Tsar in regards to the war. When war was declared between germany and russia in August 1914, it seemed that the conflict would save the Romanov throne, not destroy it. At first it looked like a huge success, in the south the Austrians were pushed back in Galicia while in the north the germans were defeated at Gumbinnen. But then came the Germans response. At Tannenburg in August 1914 the Germans inflicted a heavy defeat on the Russians which resulted in masses of prisoners, stores, and guns taken off the Russians.
To what extent was Hitler's personal mismanagement of the Battle of Stalingrad the chief reason for its failure? Word Count: 1999 Table of Contents A: Plan of the Investigation 3 B: Summary of Evidence 3 C: Evaluation of Sources 4 D: Analysis 5 E: Conclusion 7 Appendix A 8 F: List of Sources 9 A: Plan of the Investigation This investigation evaluates the question; to what extent were Hitler’s personal errors at the Battle of Stalingrad, from August 1942 to February 1943, the primary reasons for its failure? The focus will be to analyze Hitler’s crucial errors and what role they played in the downfall of the German Army at Stalingrad. It considers the degree to which the strategic weakness of the German Army at Stalingrad was due to these errors. The investigation will address the question from a positivist approach, analyzing various sources, including books, websites and documentaries.
What was the significance of the Battle of Stalingrad in the War between Germany and Russia by 1945? The Battle of Stalingrad was potentially the most brutal and devastating conflict on the Eastern Front, with a combined loss of nearly 2 million men. By 1945 it was clear that by failing to capture Stalingrad, Germany not only militarily suffered a tremendous blow, but domestically as well. Hitler had lost all faith and support in his Generals over Stalingrad, and likewise, his Generals started to see through their Fuhrer for what he really was, as did the German public; who no longer believed the lie that Germany was winning on the Eastern Front. For Russia, Stalingrad gave hope to the people, causing a surge of morale and support thereafter.
Through these lies, Stalin lost all credibility with the Allies. He demonstrated beyond doubt his ruthless ambition to brutally punish Germany and control those eastern European nations along or near the Soviet border. Part of the USSR’s motivation to risk alienation of the United States was subsequently connected to Stalin’s desperate need to gain control over the German nuclear research center, the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin.7 The USSR’s own nuclear program, Operation Borodino, was significantly behind that of the United States.7 Thus, the Cold War with escalating political hostility and military tensions was well underway. Work Cited "Battle for Berlin: April – May 1945." Military History Encyclopedia on the Web.
This event led to labor unrest, peasant insurrections, student demonstrations, as well as army and navy mutinies. Although the shooting was not Nicholas II’s fault, he was given the nickname, “ The Bloody Murderer” and stated that he was not going to make any changes for the people. This was the last major event before the Revolution of 1905 officially broke out. New councils created by urban workers in order to better organize strikes were created called Soviets. During this time, Russian cities were dying because all the workers and peasants were focused on rebelling against the government and seizing the land of their landlords, instead of working in the factories and living the life of a peasant or urban worker.
America, despite its efforts, could not remain neutral and was forced to enter World War 1. Germany did not respect America’s decision to stay neutral and purposely sunk their ships in the British Isles. They sent the Zimmerman Telegram uniting other countries against America. Lastly, they blockaded British ports and prevented American trade with France and GB. Over 100,000 Americans died during WW1, but were rewarded with patriotism, an Allie victory and trade which once again
Lastly due to his strong and rough ruling tactics when in control of the empire, he was exiled. In Napoleons eyes, his empire was always incomplete and his constant goal was to take over more land at all costs. This goal lead to one of his costly mistakes of the Continental System. The Continental System was Napoleons attempt to blockade Britain and stop all communication between them and other countries. In turn this would destroy Britain commercially and their industrial economy allowing Napoleon to take over Britain however did not work and left Napoleon worse off then he was before.
Stalinist Russia during the late 1930’s experienced extreme changes and suffering in all sectors of society, including the military. The weakening of Russia’s military strength under Stalin’s rule is aptly described by Mary Leder in the novel “My Life in Stalinist Russia.” “No matter what the answer may be, it is an irrefutable fact that the Soviets did not use the two-year break to build up their defenses. On the contrary, Stalin continued to undermine the army by arresting its most talented leaders. He strengthened Germany by selling it the raw materials it needed to conduct the war. ” Through sources such as first hand accounts like the statement above, along with in-depth textbooks, I was able to understand the linear timeline of the Red Terror, and how the Red Terror was inextricably tied to the Russian casualties and suffering in World War II.
Why were the Germans defeated in World War Two between 1941 and 1945? By Katie Goodwin The Germans (along with Japan) were defeated in World War two by the allied forces; the USA, the UK and the USSR. These were not natural allies, they have different political beliefs, the USA and the UK were Capitalists with USSR as communists, and they only became allies because they had a common enemy, the axis. The war stretched between 1st September 1939 when Hitler and the Nazis invaded Poland causing the UK and France to declare war, until the Russians reached Berlin causing Hitler to commit suicide and Germany to surrender on 7th May 1945 then Atomic Bombs being dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 14th August causing the final surrender of Japan. The mistakes that occurred by the Germans assisted the axis empire to be defeated, some examples of these errors are attempting to fight the war on multiple fronts, deciding to attack Russia as well as being at war with the USA as both of these countries could easily outnumber and surround the Nazis although Germany may have had little choice in fighting the USA as Britain was their closest ally and they would have got involved to defend their friend and Russia was planning to enter the war a few months after she was attacked anyway.