Also in Russia, all of the tax went to Moscow because Moscow was the tax collector because Chinggis Khan did not live directly in Russia, so this helped build Russia’s wealth. In China, since the Mongols lived directly in China, the Mongols could receive all tribute directly from China, which depleted China’s economy. Another way the Mongols affected China and Russia differently was that the tribute they got from Russia they kept but the tribute they got from China they reinvested. In Russia, there was no promotion, but in China the Mongols repaired roads, built and repaired canals and built new cities which helped with trading and economic growth within China. The Mongol rule on Russia and China initially affected both civilizations in a beneficial way, but at times the economies of both civilizations were in devastating conditions.
The political effects of Mongol rule in China and the Middle East were similar in their leadership. In China and in the Middle East Mongols served as governers and conquerors. The Mongols knew that just conquering the regions would only temporarily benefit them. So they became governors as well to be able keep control of such large regions. This was also a way for the Mongols to ensure their government was stable and trustable instead of having others govern the state.
It wasn’t said about Mao however it adapts to his ideas and aspirations. There are numerous hypotheses regarding the impact that Mao’s leadership has had over China. Mao’s legacy is that the system he established was idealistic. It did not align with the rest of Western culture after the Second World War, but with the population and vast resources that were readily available, “Mao founded Marxist study groups in Changsha.”2 This source from a school history textbook is highly trustworthy as there are many other sources backing up the truth behind it. China was left with a regime that did not respond in correlation with the rest of the world.
Why did Stalin emerge as leader of Soviet Russia? Observing Stalin’s background and other personal factors, Stalin was indeed a weak contender for the leader of Soviet Russia and lacked a strong, powerful past that people such as Trotsky had. However from 1924 to 1929, Stalin with the use of manipulation, determination and tactical strategies managed to emerge as leader of Soviet Russia. The reason as to why he created such an outcome is quite clearly impressive, but what really worked for him? An important factor as to why Stalin was able to emerge as leader was due to the advantages that he had as a result of his position within the communist party.
It was due to these reasons that both China and Russia were seeking to replace the government in power with new ones that would appeal to the population's demands. Russia and China's revolutionary leaders were similar due to the fact that both Jiang Jieshi and Vladimir Lenin had used the ensuing public unrest and used promises for more rights, improvement of economic conditions. The Kuomintang or democratic party of China was established by Jiang Jieshi to provide civil rights and instill liberal beliefs while using nationalistic pride as a fuel for staying in power. The Bolsheviks used the political propaganda and slogan "Peace, Land and Bread" as promises for the Russian people. The main difference between Russia and China's revolution was the opposition that China faced after
Even though the ordinary Russian citizen initially saw little difference between Nicholas II and the new Provisional Government, the authoritarian regime of the Tsar had not simply been exchanged for another in the short term. However in the long term Lenin's Bolsheviks had seized power in the October Revolution. This was a significant turning point as the totalitarian Government of the Communist party were little different to the autocratic regime of the Tsar to some extent, especially under Stalin. His version of communism differed from that of Lenin before him which resulted in Stalin effectively being a 'red Tsar', devoted to his vision of Russia no matter what the cost
For some people of Eastern Europe, the Communist brought hope. The Soviet Union had achieved amazing industrial growth before WWII. Communism also offered them stable government and security because they were backed by one of the worlds superpowers. Many people hoped for great things from Communism. The reality of Soviet control of EU was very different from what people expected.
Chiang did solve the domestic problem of foreign control in China; he relied on having foreigners around. He came to power with the help of the Russians in the Northern Expedition and managed to keep in power only with the help of Nazi Germany. This shows that in reality Chiang needed foreign influence to continue in government, and wouldn’t be able to stay in power without it. Furthermore, there was foreign influence that Chiang could have
How accurate is it to say that Lenin’s leadership was the most important reason for the Bolsheviks’ success in the revolution of October 1917? The Bolshevik party on 25th October 1917 seized control of Russia with Lenin viewed to many as the icon of the revolution since his policies were quickly widespread amongst the people of Petrograd and his impressive leadership skills mobilized his ideas and the Bolshevik planned events to gain power. However, many would disagree, arguing that Lenin is not as significant because other leading Bolsheviks, such as Trotsky, were far more effective than Lenin in carrying out the revolution. Secondly, the weaknesses and underlying issues of the Provisional Government proved that they were destined to fail regardless of their attempts to keep power through repression, already placing the Bolsheviks in a good position for taking control. Finally the failures of the Provisional Government made them vulnerable which coincidentally worked to advantage the Bolsheviks.
The success of the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War was due to Lenin, Trotsky and their combined political, social and military capabilities as they were experts. They introduced various political and military policies that enabled them to raise support in Russia and create a dominant and successful military force. Both leaders showed immense dedication to the socialist cause and in doing so provided ruthless and brilliant leadership that ensured Bolshevik victory in the Russian Civil War. Peasant support for the Bolsheviks was a result of the Whites political and social faults. Firstly, the Whites treated the peasant class harshly, they did not see the advantage of gaining the support of the larger lower class as about 82% and they did not take full advantage of that.