Compare and Contrast the Political and Economic Effects of Mongol Rule on Two of the Following Regions: China Middle East Russia

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The Mongols are a group of nomadic people, in which throughout history have invaded, conquered and ruled many civilizations. Two of these civilizations are China and Russia, which were both affected economically and politically because of Mongol Rule. The Mongols demanded tribute from both empires and even decided to form their own dynasty in China, the Yuan dynasty. The Mongols also set up the Golden Horde, which demanded tribute from Russia. The effect of Mongol rule on Russia and China was similar in some respects and different in others economically. The Mongols affected both civilizations similarly in that the Mongols demanded tribute from both empires. Although it was similar that Russia and China both had to give tribute to the Mongols, it affected both civilizations differently. For example in Russia, the peasants were taxed very harshly, turning them into serfs. Also in Russia, all of the tax went to Moscow because Moscow was the tax collector because Chinggis Khan did not live directly in Russia, so this helped build Russia’s wealth. In China, since the Mongols lived directly in China, the Mongols could receive all tribute directly from China, which depleted China’s economy. Another way the Mongols affected China and Russia differently was that the tribute they got from Russia they kept but the tribute they got from China they reinvested. In Russia, there was no promotion, but in China the Mongols repaired roads, built and repaired canals and built new cities which helped with trading and economic growth within China. The Mongol rule on Russia and China initially affected both civilizations in a beneficial way, but at times the economies of both civilizations were in devastating conditions. The arrival of the Mongols in Both Russia and China changed both governments juristically. Some of the changes politically were very similar. For example the

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