The Mongols had many political influences on China and Russia. The Mongol rule caused many power changes and reforms in both China and Russia. The Mongols destroyed cities and forms of government rule using terror tactics as a form of governing. They also wanted to control both states with easy access. So in China, the capital was moved to Beijing causing it to be the center of politics and commerce in China.
Mongol Rule in China vs. Russia Due to the Mongols ultimate desire for economic power, the Mongols highly affected both Russia and China in both political and economic aspects. When the Mongols invaded both territories, they destroyed a lot and the key differences and similarities come from how it became reconstructed. Many similarities in politics and economics arose such as the way the facilitated trade, and how their economies dropped. However, many differences occurred like the way they ran the governments, their centers of power, and how the Mongols fell from both states. In many ways, both states were extremely similar in the way Mongols ruled them.
Mongol Compare Essay During the 12th and 13th centuries, The Mongol Empire expanded to take over many other empires, including China and Russia, Mongol rule over these two regions had various similar and different political and economic effects. In China, the Mongols burdened the Chinese people with heavy taxes, The Russian people also had to pay Tribute, a form of taxes, to the Mongols. However, in Russia the Mongols would allow the native to continue to rule their own country in exchange for these taxes. To contrast, in China the Mongols actually ruled over the Chinese people and even formed their own Chinese-style dynasty. As previously mentioned, the one major economic similarity in the effect of Mongol rule on China and Russia was the way the Mongols had the people in both regions pay taxes.
The Mongols ruled China from a period in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, and controlled Russia from the thirteenth to fifteenth centuries. While the Mongols had similar political and economic effects in China and Russia, they were more heavy-handed while controlling China than they were controlling Russia. The Mongols’ influence in China and Russia included many political effects, including changes in power, destroying cities and forms of government rule, replacing them with new governing systems. In China, the Khans became more powerful, while in Russia, the Czars emerged as the dominant rulers. Also in Russia, the Mongols formed an alliance with the Orthodox Church, consequently giving more political power to the church.
In the beginning, all the empire was united under Chinggis Khan and had effectively ruled. Golden Horde and Yuan dynasty differed greatly in their methods of political power because they were directly influenced by the Confucianism or Islam. This led to diverse method of political control as Islamic teachings taught that Another big change from 1200 to 1500 CE was placement of the scholars in the empire. All the famous scholars were collected from conquered nations and brought to Mongol. However, as the empire split into four the scholars were split to different nations and culture which effectively affected the method of political power because Golden Horde was severely influenced by the Islamic teachings and the Khan of Golden Horde was converted to Islam.
The arrival of Euorpean traders in the 1500's made the Chinese government nervous and as a result, isolated the people for fear of cultural changes. However, because of the high demand for goods, trade continued to take place illegally. When the dynasty collapsed and the Manchus took over, trade was controlled overseas. In the Qing Dynasty, trade made for a huge population growth in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Trade with America caused this growth through their introduction of new crops to China.
Some important rulers were Genghis Khan and Kublai Khan. Other rulers included Ogedei, Guyuk, and Mongke Khan. These rulers expanded their kingdom into northern India, central Asia, China, Persia and some parts of Europe. One good thing that came out of this vast empire is that many people could trade more safely on the Silk Road since it was now in one big empire. A bad thing is that the Mongols killed many people and devastated towns as they conquered new lands.
Mongol conquest in both Middle East and China encouraged the long-distance trade routes of Eurasia while also leading to the creation of one of the worst pandemics in history. While Mongol Rule was similar in China and the Middle East, the Mongols in China were much more tolerant of other religions than the Mongols in the Middle East who had everyone converted to Islam by force. The conquered peoples of China possessed many religions such as Buddhism, Confucianism, and others. These Chinese religions were tolerated much better by the Mongols, than the religions of the Middle East. The conflict between Mongol and Muslim beliefs is illustrated by the fate of the last Abbasid caliph when Hulegu’s troops stormed Baghdad is 1258.
But after the Han dynasty declined in , China became divided so the trading along the Silk road decreased. Not until the Tang Dynasty did trade along the Silk Road reach its full height. Station along the road was established to shelter travelers and road were made safer to promote more trade. In the Yuan Dynasty, the Mongols who ruled almost all Asia were very interactive with people of the West. The Mongols established a vast empire and also
In China and the Middle East, politically Mongol rule effected who did the governing, and Mongol rule at first disrupted economies before facilitating trade on a large scale, and effected whether or not they converted to the Mongol-style nomadic economy. In China, the Mongols didn't trust the Chinese, so they got a lot of foreign peoples to come and do the governing. The great khans also dismantled the Chinese traditional Confucian way of government. In Persia, the situation was very different; the Mongols took the highest positions of government, but still gave the lower government positions to Persians. The Mongols didn't dismantle the Persian government; instead they used it to their own advantage.