The rule of the Mongol people in Asia affected both Russia and China in many ways both economically and politically, however, because the Mongols directly ruled China, they had a greater impact on the country of China. One economic similarity the Chinese and Russians shared under Mongol rule was that using the rule of the Mongols, the reinventing of the Silk Road helped both countries economically by increasing safe trade between countries, trading mainly silk from China and fur from Russia. The Mongols also affected China and Russia in the new types of political system or the trade of power that occurred: the Chinese created a bureaucracy while the Russians ruled their people with feudalistic tactics such as princes/vassals of the Mongols. The Mongols also created sufism in Russia. The political impact from the Mongols was much more centralized and uncompromising in China rather than in Russia, where political impact was didn’t have as much effect.
In Pax Mongolia the origins of the peace were slightly different. Instead of policies enacted it was the conquering of lands under Genghis Khan. But more importantly it was the connection of the Silk Road from Asia to Europe. Gunpowder, porcelain, and paper making were goods that came to the West because of the Silk Road. Political stability of Mongol rule also helped the Silk Road flourish as well as Pax Mongolia to come about.
While both the Chinese and Roman empires conquered other lands, the Romans were more humane towards their conquered subjects. The Romans’ humane behavior towards conquered subjects led to more internal stability and also a lower chance of revolt. Han China conquered the regions of the Korean peninsula and of Vietnam; however, Han China enjoyed uncontested hegemony over these regions. Imperial Rome did not levy taxes on conquered subjects as opposed to Han China. Both empires allowed their citizens to contribute to the empire; however, they did so by different means.
Therefore, it was easier for the empires to rise in power quickly and not deal with the rebels. In addition, both empires had similar class structures. In the Mongol empire, they were put at the top and the Han Chinese at the bottom - after they invaded the Song dynasty in the late 1270s. In the Aztec empire, the nobles were put at the top and the prisoners of war at the bottom, along with slaves. With prisoners of war at the very bottom, both empires were safe from getting their power taken away from them.
Although Han China and Imperial Rome both ruled over large and diverse territories, both had different ways of political control within their empires. The control varies in ways such as their views on society; China having a philosophy of Confucianism and Rome believing in a patron-client relationship. Rome and China differed in who had the right to govern the empires varying from having a single leader to numerous government officials. Both empires used their loyal citizens to their advantage creating the state of free labor. However, even with all the differences, both empires managed to keep their territories protected, organized, and civilized.
They thought that colonists were British subjects who should obey British law and the taxes were due to the French and Indian War which was fought to protect the colonies. They also felt colonies profited from trade with England, and that the colonies were too far away from England to have representation in Parliament. Patriots believed that they deserved rights that were not to be taken away by the government, and taxation violated those rights. They claimed to have done their part during the French and Indian war fighting, and that they could not be taxed without representation in Parliament. Patriots also believed the British were causing violence, riots, and death (Boston Massacre & Boston Tea Party).
The global supply of energy is dependent on the co-operation between different countries in a number of different ways. One example is the relationship between Russia and Ukraine is an uncomfortable one. While Russia does supply gas to Ukraine it has on a number of times shut of the gas supplies over arguments about prices and debts. This is a clear example of how countries need to have a good relationship in order to get the best supply of energy. An example of this is China.
It a kingdom could not supply or refused to supply the empire then the local population would be killed or the city destroyed. in the Middle East the same rules applied for supplying the empire with food, soldiers, and livestock but the amounts differed greatly.in the middle east the people had to give less to the golden horde than the kingdoms in Russia did. This was due to the ease of controlling the Middle East. Un like in Russia where kingdoms would gain power ever under Mongol rule the middle east wouldn’t gain power and rise up in rebellion. Under the Mongol rule in both Russia and china people were treated well and but also brutally.
The inability to conquer Japan was the campaign that kept Mongols from building a lasting civilization, also the death of Kublai, then the fact that his successors were weak and led to the rebels to overthrow them to form the Ming dynasty. Even though the Mongol Empire collapsed a long time ago, and the Mongolian state has become relatively small in size compared to other countries, Mongolian influences are still effective today in Russia and China as well as other parts of the world. With political, economical, religious influences upon once conquered states, the Mongol Era is truly remarkable in its ability to change and reform other countries. Of course, both positive and negative effects came out of Mongolian rule, but overall, the Mongolian era was a positive period of time. The East and West Worlds are finally connected by series of routes, and trade, religion, as well as other goods and ideas are quickly spread.
Some areas ruled by the Mongols outnumbered the Mongols almost 1000 to 1. They only tolerated them because of the steady flow of trade goods (Weatherford 247). With trade and the strength of their army disappeared, the Royal Families of the Mongols were left their selves. Some of the Mongols used the tactics of Khubilai Khan, which was unification with the cultures of the subjects, to remain in control. The Royal Family in China actually opposed them and distinguished from them as much as they could.