How Far Were Divisions Among Its Opponents Responsible for the Survival of the Tsarist Rule in the Years 1881-1905?

1395 Words6 Pages
Divisions among the opponents of the Tsar played a large role as to the survival of Tsarist rule. He benefited from the inherent disunity of the opposition. They had different, aims, methods and ideas as of who to target. However Tsarism also survived because of how widespread it was, creating many obstacles for opposition to overcome. So many divisions and factions within the opponents all wanting different things for Russia shows responsibility for the survival of the Tsar as they were too busy against each other, than to unite against the Tsar. Divisions amongst the opposition further disagreed on the methods to overthrow the Tsar. The Liberals preferred reform rather than violence, and peaceful propaganda such as articles in newspapers, meetings and reform banquets. Mensheviks were in favour of alliance with all other revolutionary and bourgeois liberal parties, and supported trade unions in pursuing better wages and conditions for workers. Whereas the Bolsheviks rejected cooperation with other parties, and aimed to turn workers into revolutionaries as soon as possible. Populism started off with peaceful propaganda as its methods, however when this made little progress, they took on more violent means. The Social Revolutionaries used agitation and terrorism such as assassinations of government officials. The Black partition tried to create a movement amongst peasants. With so many different methods, it was easier for the Tsar to repress small scale revolutions and uprisings, than if they all got together. Peaceful propaganda got them nowhere and the lack of clear of capable leadership meant that yet again the Tsar could dodge another bullet. With such strong deep roots embedded into society, it comes to no surprise as to the survival of the Tsarist rule for so long. People were born believing in the righteousness of the Tsar, and those who rebelled
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