How Far Were Divisions Among Its Opponents Responsible for the Survival of Tsarist Rule in the Years 1881-1905?

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How far were divisions among its opponents responsible for the survival of Tsarist rule in the years 1881-1905? Divisions among the Tsars opponents were important to the survival of Tsarist rule. However other elements also affected it, such as the belief in the Russian Orthodox Church and the belief that the Tsar was divinely appointed, poor communication across Russia this included the large the number of different languages and nationalities and the Cossacks which stayed loyal to the Tsar. The growing political opposition to the Tsar affected the stability of the Tsarist regime. Many Russian intellectuals were rising up against the Tsar; they believed that the regime was oppressive and that European countries had more freedom and felt that many Russians lacked basic freedoms seen in other European nations. Even though the formation of political parties was illegal in Russia, these intellectuals started to form groups of people who shared a similar opinion. Some felt that change in Russia could only be achieved through revolution and the overthrowing of the Tsarist regime while others believed that changes needed to be made through reform and a gradual revolution. These opposition groups were known as the Liberals, the Populists and the Marxists. Firstly, the Liberals were made up of middle class Russians such as lawyers, doctors, and teachers and so on. They believed in civil rights rule of law and wanted an end to repression and censorship and wanted an elected national assembly or for the zemstvo to be expanded to a national level and for there to be democracy in Russia. Unlike some of the other parties the Liberals were in favour of westernising Russia and wanted it to move towards a more democratic and modern society. They had little to no public support because they had very few followers outside the large cities like Moscow or St Petersburg. Their lack
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