Tsar Nicholas II wasn’t much of a good ruler for Russia; he ignored the fact that Russia wasn’t doing so good and overlooked the industrialization and nationalism that was occurring throughout Russia. Nicholas II disregarded the troubles the Russians were facing and seemed to only care about himself and him staying in power. This caused people to revolt as they needed a good strong leader to help Russia survive. The main leader who started China’s revolution was Sun Yat-sen who believed China should adopt a democratic government if it were to survive. The revolutions led by him eventually led to the fall of the Qing Dynasty in China.
This proves that the Bolsheviks were brutal because they used force to keep themselves in power. For example, the cheka would execute or exile villagers who were against the government and this would prevent opposition because people would be too scared of what would happen to them if they openly critical of the government. This supports my line of argument because a fear of the government, provided by the cheka, would cause very few people to openly oppose the government, creating a very weak, broken opposition. Trotsky created and introduced the red army at the beginning of the civil war to fight again the various white armies. He decided to recruit ex-tsarist army soldiers so that he would have
Many Russian intellectuals were rising up against the Tsar; they believed that the regime was oppressive and that European countries had more freedom and felt that many Russians lacked basic freedoms seen in other European nations. Even though the formation of political parties was illegal in Russia, these intellectuals started to form groups of people who shared a similar opinion. Some felt that change in Russia could only be achieved through revolution and the overthrowing of the Tsarist regime while others believed that changes needed to be made through reform and a gradual revolution. These opposition groups were known as the Liberals, the Populists and the Marxists. Firstly, the Liberals were made up of middle class Russians such as lawyers, doctors, and teachers and so on.
However it created land ownership problems which with the redemption fee system created bitterness amongst peasants and became known as ‘the great disappointment’ . His other reforms such as changes to the legal system, military and education, also gave Russian’s a greater freedom, however he didn’t provide the extensive changes to autocracy and society that radicals hoped for. As the population got a taste of liberalisation opposition increased, threatening the tsarist regime, forcing Alexander II to use repression to maintain control. Some historians suggest this shift from reform to reaction was directly related to the first assassination attempt on his life. However, Jonathan Bromley argues that there was no conservative shift as just prior to his death he agreed in principal to a national assembly.
Why was the Unreformed House of Commons able to Reform itself in 1832? The splintering of the Tory party into several different factions played a part the Reform bill being able to be passed through the House of Commons. It split between the Huskissonites, The Ultras and the Small group of Support Wellington and Peel had managed to maintain. In 1832 Wellington tried to make a new Cabinet at the behest of this king but this crumbled when Peel refused to become involved in a Government that would pass Reform. The strong leadership of Grey over the Whigs was also a vital part of the road to reform as Grey was determined to get a Reform bill passed through Parliament (Reform that you can preserve) because of growing pressure from the middle class businessmen in Large cities that had no representation such as Birmingham and Manchester.
When Nicholas took the throne, he had some experience in Government under his belt, but due to his father's untimely death he had not fully been elevated into the higher tiers of the Russian Government. Nicholas was also very naive in his dealings with the Urban Intelligentsia, which would later hamper his reign, and plague his thoughts and actions he would take during his reign. When the Japanese took Port Arthur in the Russo - Japanese war, and the Tsar realized he must admit defeat, he also promised
The Romanov dynasty dated back to the early 1600s. It cannot be denied that Tsar Nicholas II’s military failures and poor political decisions were one of the largest parts in the downfall of autocracy as a political system. From the beginning, it was clear that Nicholas was not well suited as Tsar of Russia. For autocracy to function, it needed clear direction from the autocrat. The disposition that Nicholas brought to the role of Tsar (he was incredibly close to his family) led to huge flaws in his leadership skills.
Perhaps the biggest legacy left by Alexander II was his emancipation of the serfs in 1861, he had realised that modernisation was incompatible with serfdom and thus endeavoured to liberalise the serfs. Although Alexander III did not completely eliminate the serf’s freedom he did implement reforms which meant that they were more restricted than they had been under his father’s rule. In 1893 Alexander III banned the peasants from leaving the Mir, thus strengthening the control which the Mir could exercise over the peasants and to a certain extent restricting the liberal rights of the peasants to move around as they pleased. Nevertheless, Alexander III was seen to implement an array of different reforms which improved the lifestyles of many peasants. For example, he created the Peasant Land Bank, which allowed peasants to borrow money in order to purchase land or farms.
The Tsar was not overthrown in the 1905 revolution because nobody imperatively wanted him to be overthrown even though he had made many faults, they rather wanted him to change the way he ruled the country, this made him pass the October Manifesto that installed the Duma, which was the lower houses of parliament that could pass laws but be vetoed by the Tsar, and grant civil liberties such as freedom of speech, religion, and press. By the time of the 1917 Revolution, the people have had enough, and wanted complete change in government. Direct Comparison: While the military was willing to help the Tsar put down the rebellions during the 1905 Revolution, they sided with the people during the 1917 Revolution. Analysis: During the 1905 Revolution, Nicholas ll was able to put down the rebellion using the military with his famous words, “Execute, Execute, Execute”. On Bloody Sunday, the protest by the urban workers or proletariate was because of working conditions, rights and food shortages, the Cossacks, who were fierce cavalry soldiers who the Tsar used to break up any protests, shot down and
Why was there a Civil War Between King Charles I and Parliament The English civil war made a big change to the countries history. It was Charles I VS Parliament. Charles was happy with his rules but parliament weren’t. So his parliament turned against him and started the civil war. Who, what when why that’s what we want to know.