The only real problem that prevented the Japanese from surrendering was the unconditional surrender the Americans demanded. The Japanese thought the emperor to be descended from the sun god and would protect the emperor at any cost. If President Truman had agreed to leave the emperor alone and taken more time to negotiate Japan’s surrender, they probably would have. Instead, after the testing of the first atomic bomb, it was decided after a few days that Japan would be bombed. Even if Truman had decided to use the bomb, there was no reason to bomb Hiroshima.
The only positive that came from President Truman’s decision was Japan’s democracy, despite the fact that it was uninvited and forced. If Truman had had me as an advisor, America would have won an honorable war. America would still be a world power. America would still be thriving. If I had been an advisor for Truman, the Atomic Bomb would have never been dropped because, to me, “All men are created equal” Declaration of
A strategy was already devised to defeat Japan "without reliance upon the atomic bomb, which had not yet been tested in New Mexico." (Document A) From a report of a Scientific Panel, a moderate consensus was stated that "the opportunity of saving American lives by immediate military use, and believe that such use will improve the international prospects, in that they are more concerned with the prevention of war than with the elimination of this special weapon," helped bring support for the cause to use the bomb to end the war quickly. (Document G) But the United States seemed not to be concerned so much with the defeat of the Japanese which as General H. H. Arnold, Commander of the American Army Air Force stated: "atomic bomb or no atomic bomb, the Japanese were already on the verge of collapse," (Document B), but instead with Soviet involvement in the war. The United States and Britain felt threatened by Russia. They knew that Russia was bitter from their loss of territory and dignity after Japan defeated them in 1904.
Paul Fussell begins “Thank God for the Atom Bomb” with a quote from an advertisement: “In life, experience is the great teacher” (13). Throughout the paper, he argues that experience is necessary in order to make informed, pragmatic decisions. Accordingly, he uses ad hominem attacks on people who do not have experience with war yet still preferred invading Japan to dropping the atom bomb. He explains that using the atom bomb was necessary because Japan was not going to surrender – Japan’s war minister wanted to “fight to the bitter end, defending the main islands with the same techniques and tenacity employed at Iwo and Okinawa” (Fussell, 22), and after the Emperor did surrender following the atom bombs being dropped, many soldiers committed suicide because of the dishonor (Fussell, 23) – and an invasion could have had 1,000,000 American casualties (Fussell, 15). The ad hominem attacks are not necessary to support his argument that dropping the bomb was the right decision because he refutes opponents’ arguments before resorting to ad hominem, so the ad hominem must have a different purpose altogether.
In World War two there were many battles fought. One of the most controversial issues for the United States was not even a battle though. It was the use of the atomic bomb on two Japanese cities. I believe that the US was right in using the atomic bombs on Japan. The Japanese planned a secret attack on the United States.
3. What were the reasons behind Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bombs in Japan? A Direct landing of the allied force might lead to a greater number of casualties. Bombing was speedy and would save Japanese civilians from their government’s wrong path. It would send the Soviet Union a strong message, enabled an exclusive US occupation in Japan, and prevent Soviet advance in East
Japan was at a crossroad. Japan's Supreme War Council was meeting and debating how to deal with the Soviet Union invasion of Manchuria and the atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki. Ultimately, several council members wanted Japan continue to fight the war. Soon the debate became deadlock between the pacifists and militarists. Although Hirohito has no power in the government, he was asked for his opinion.
Not many know that Kennedy built a relationship with Khrushchev. In fact, Reeves describes Kennedy as “the co-contractor of the Berlin Wall” (p. 97).Kennedy did not believe in resorting to nuclear weapons and he when he found out the true political issue Berlin was having with runaway refugees the two politicians decided to work together. This resulted in the construction of the Berlin Wall. They agreed on the terms that the Soviet Union would take down the missiles targeted at the United States and we could not invade the Soviet Union. Therefore, there wall was the only solution and when that wall went up Kennedy believed that we had no right to control what happens on the other side of that wall because that was not out country.
Yamamoto’s leniency in giving Nagumo authority to make crucial decisions was not a good idea. Had Yamamoto headed the actual attack instead of Nagumo, a possible third wave strike could have been unleashed to destroy all missed targets, thus changing the position of the U.S. military to ‘crippled’ after Pearl Harbour. However, Nagumo and the fleet arrived back on Japanese soil after the attack and instead of an expected applause and praise from Yamamoto, he received the opposite as the Americans were not defeated. Yamamoto knew that Japan needed to be in a position of strength in order to negotiate with America and have the upper hand. Nagumo managed to withdraw from Pearl Harbour before securing a complete victory that was so close to his grasp.