Another reason for migration was the idea of primogeniture, which allowed the eldest son to inherit the wealth; leaving others desperate and in hopes of finding riches overseas. Also, many fled to America to escape peonage or prison. These social concerns in England ended up populating the colonies because people believed they would find a better life in America. The second major way that England shaped the colonies were the English politics. At some points, colonists seemingly were allowed plenty of freedom, while other times they were under strict English rule.
Between 1750 and 1850 the most important colonial possession in Asia was British India. Differing from the changes that British India brought to North America, the changes that the British made in Asia did not bring political independence. The East India Company was chartered in 1600 by the crown and was quickly made into a large powerful authority. The East India Company quickly took over India’s imports and exports in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries along with controlling the Chinese economy greatly with the power of opium imports. Britain operated on claims that their system was based on free trade but the practices that they followed showed anything but that.
By the time the British colonies incited rebellion between them and the British in the 1770’s, they had grown to be powerful and economically independent, the population growing by a factor of eight from 1700 to 1770. British economic policy, is largely to blame for this, driving people to the new world and providing a framework for the economy of the Colonies to grow. The British would also commonly turn a blind eye to those who breached their rules and laws, and this too helped develop and diversify the American Economy. Furthermore, the adoption of a comparatively aggressive mercantilism by England led the colonies to grow much more than those of France and Spain, further pushing them out of the equation. Altogether, British Economic policy was a perfect mix of both salutary neglect and enforced protocol to spur a large amount of growth in British North America, doing so not only through just the Navigation Acts and Salutary neglect, but also the order in which they introduced new laws and regulations.
Many historians consider Lord Palmerstone to be influential in his dealings with foreign powers, both as Foreign Secretary as well as Prime Minister and greatly favoured the controversial Liberal Interventionist policies, in which Britain helps although does not get directly involved, for example, the sending of arms to the King of Sicily in order that they could protect themselves from the Austrians. This British led policy of supporting one side or the other yet not actually doing anything, led to the British Government under Lord Palmerstone being regarded with suspicion by the major European powers except, ironically, by the Republic of France (who were Britain’s traditional enemies). He first stood for Parliament in February 1806 in the Cambridge University constituency although was easily defeated. However, he was elected to Parliament in November after winning the Horsham election, although this only lasted until January 1807 when he was unseated. His time in the political wilderness however was short-lived as he was offered the post of Junior Lord of the Admiralty thank to patronage by both Lord Chichester and Lord Malmesbury.
A Fight for Freedom (The Colonialization of Kenya) In the nineteenth century, Kenya was taken over by the British government using the process known as colonialization, which is defined as one nation gaining control of the other. When Europe took over, there were fewer good than bad consequences. Although becoming acquainted with those of Britain came in useful to those with multiple enemies who wanted an advantage over the other civilians, there were many disadvantages that came along as well. For example, land was taken away from farmers which only made the Kenyans even more angry and bitter against the British. There were three main ways that colonialism affected Kenya, including socialism, religious and political.
This is shown when, in the late nineteenth century, nations had negotiated military alliances with each other that called for mutual protection, as some countries had too many enemies, or feared of being attacked by other countries and their allies. Countries made alliances to have protection when war arises. Some of the alliances made had previously been foes with each other, but they came together because they shared a common opponent, which were larger and more powerful than themselves. Imperialism – Another cause of the Fist World War was the spread of Imperialism. European nations ruled less developed countries, they made these countries into colonies and they were able to get cheap raw
In what ways was the British East India Company a fundamentally new type of Economic Organisation? According to a Victorian poet and historian, Thomas Babington Macaulay, the British East India Company (BEIC) was the “greatest corporation in the world”. This dynamic and influential Company flourished during 1600’s to early 1700’s due to many beneficial economic factors. These include the idea that it was the “first state backed company”, which in turn allowed them to monopolise trade with the Eastern Countries. Secondly, the BEIC introduced a joint-stock ownership system, which catered for the Companies economic benefits and allowed them to reap in the rewards of such a mechanism as the joint-stock ownership.
In time, they might be ready for self-government and Western democracy. Mother France, in return, would gain millions of new Frenchmen that would help defend her honor at all costs, if necessary. The English model of Association was less about the spread of English culture and more about the efficient extraction of wealth, and was therefore carried out by private companies, who hired and trained local subjects to do most of the dirty work. Because of this, a good portion of England’s colonial possessions were acquired by British companies without the proper authority from the government. This then created a situation in which the British government often got involved in distant lands more than it had originally intended.
The British created monopolies in their colonies by adding protectionist taxes on foreign trade material, economically making British goods and services appear to be at better prices. b. To stress and instill mercantilism, England put into place Navigation Acts from 1650 to 1673. These Acts established all the laws involving colonial trade. Some colonists decided to smuggle goods from other countries, being irritated by these Acts.
Britain's American empire was slowly expanded by war and colonization. Victory over the French during the Seven Years' War gave Britain control over almost all of North America. Mercantilism was the basic policy imposed by Britain on its colonies. Mercantilism meant that the government and the merchants became partners with the goal of increasing political power and private wealth, to the exclusion of other empires. The government protected its merchants—and kept others out—by trade barriers, regulations, and subsidies to domestic industries in order to maximize exports from and minimize imports to the realm.