Causes Characteristics and Significances of American War for Independence

2225 Words9 Pages
Causes 1) Europeans used mercantilism (an ideology that believes wealth or growth is measured by capital) to economically restrict and suppress colonies. Colonies were only created to benefit its mother country with profits. The mother country would take raw materials and sell the final goods back to the colonies, but Britain would always take more that they gave. a. The British created monopolies in their colonies by adding protectionist taxes on foreign trade material, economically making British goods and services appear to be at better prices. b. To stress and instill mercantilism, England put into place Navigation Acts from 1650 to 1673. These Acts established all the laws involving colonial trade. Some colonists decided to smuggle goods from other countries, being irritated by these Acts. 2) Around this time was the Enlightenment. Colonists became interested in human reason and imperial domination was viewed negatively: illogical and irrational. a. “Common Sense” was a very popular pamphlet in America at the time. b. Rousseau. Montesquieu, and Locke introduced ideologies like separation of government and popular sovereignty that appealed to other colonists. 3) The French and Indian war provided colonists training in war that was previously miserably lacking. Self-confidence was also boosted and unity was emphasized between fighters. Officials were also pushed to communicate and cooperate. 4) Relationship between the mother country and the colonies was condescending. There was little to no mutual respect. Both thought they were better than the other. The British labeled colonists as “incompetent” while the colonists viewed the British as snobby. There was quite a high bar of reciprocal resentment. 5) In the Proclamation of 1763, Britain decides that colonists cannot settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. While
Open Document