Essay#1 – Revolutionary war There were many reasons for the American Revolution. Two of them were the economic and political changes that the colonies were going through. Only the southern colonies were bound to England by the tobacco trade and the New England and Middle Colonies, unable to find markets in Britain. The cause of the revolutionary war was definitely economic. The British throne, trying to pay off it's war debts and for the cost of protecting the colonists from local Native Americans, decided to impose taxes on the American colonists.
Many intellectuals during the Enlightenment explored new ideas in political economy; Adam Smith in his 1776 An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations was one of the most influential figures for the Americans. Smith admitted the mercantile system worked, yet criticized its principles. Expounding a doctrine of individualism, Smith was one of many voices stating that the economy, like the individual, should be free from detailed regulation from the state. Economic, as well as individual, self-interest and its outcome in the market should be allowed to function without state regulation. Although it was indeed approved by the First Continental Congress, the practice of mercantilism was replaced with a Smith-oriented form of liberalism in post-Revolutionary
Then several presidents including Theodore Roosevelt used this foreign policy, which paved the way for US global economic supremacy. It accomplished this task by protecting newly independent Latin American nations from European influence by forbidding their intervention in Latin American affairs. It also served to place Latin American countries within the confines of the US sphere of influence while removing the European presence. The Monroe Doctrine was a precursor to the Dollar Diplomacy of the Taft Administration. The United States introduced far-reaching economic foreign policy in legislation and dominated economic foreign relations.
8th That the late Act of Parliament, entitled, "An Act for Granting and applying certain Stamp Duties, and other Duties in the British Colonies and Plantations in America &c by imposing Taxes on the Inhabitants of these Colonies, and the said Act, and several other Acts, by extending the Jurisdiction of the Courts of Admiralty, beyond its Ancient limits, have a Manifest tendency to Subvert the Rights, and liberties of the Colonists.... 11th That the Restrictions imposed by several late Acts of Parliament on the Trade of these Colonies, will render them unable to purchase the Manufactures of Great Britain. 12th That the Increase Prosperity and happiness of these Colonies, depend on the full and free Enjoyment of their Rights and Liberties, and an Intercourse with Great Britain mutually Affectionate and Advantageous. 13th That it is the Right of the British Subjects in these Colonies to Petition the King, or either House of
The methods used by the Americans and the French and the outcome of both revolutions are vast and for more significant. The American Revolution was fought against Britain for independence and liberty of the American colonist. The French revolution was also fought for liberty. However, it was not for liberty from another country it was for equal treatment of the estate. The revolution forced by the Bourgeoisie was for the third estate as well the first two estates to be treated equally.
England had to be able to sustain their colonies so, The Parliament, desiring revenue from its North American colonies, passed the Sugar Act law specifically aimed to raise colonial money for the English Crown. The act increased duties on non-British goods shipped to the colonies. The Currency Act regulated paper money issued by the colonies of British America, the Act sought to protect British merchants and creditors from being paid in low value colonial money. American colonists responded to the Sugar Act and the Currency Act with protest. In Massachusetts, participants met because the colonies were not represented in the House of Commons, where it emerged the “No Taxation without Representation” (Forner 143).
Mercantilism was first created to make the mother country obtain more power. Mother country had gained its power by getting raw materials from colonies, made manufactured goods and sold them back to colonies. When British bought goods, it had to be shipped in British ships simulating British ship building industry and nay. Another factor is that mercantilism made a favorable balance of trade for mother country, which indicated that there had to be more exports than imports. British wanting to establish mercantilism policy, they made Navigation acts.
Great Britain, although officially neutral, had an elite opinion favouring the Confederacy and a public opinion favouring the United States. Concerned largely with Free Trade, diplomacy and the evasion of all-out war against America, Great Britain influenced and contributed to the outcome of the Civil War by utilising its powerful position to cleverly invest themselves in industrial aspects of the war, which proved beneficial to its relations with America as a whole. The reasons for the Civil War were copious and complex, but the motivation and direct cause of the secession revolved around the election of President Abraham Lincoln. With his inauguration came his policy to abolish slavery, which he
During the gilded age, industries and cooperations grew to a massive size due to corruption and monopolization that flooded the market. During this period many Americans followed the principles of lassie faire and the government has not violated these principles until the gilded age. The government strongly agreed to subsidize the railroad companies in order to help the economy, connect the west to the east, and to create a reliable system of transportation. This action moderately violated the principles even though it was one of the biggest violations of the gilded age. American citizens pressured the government to regulate cooperations and trade in order to stop them from creating pools, make use of rebates, the monopolization of trade, and take advantage of the consumers which violated lassie faire ideas to a slight degree.
The British had dominated the French and Indian War and with them out of the way, England could turn its attention to its control over the colonies. They needed money from the debts the war brought, and they looked to the colonies for it. This meant the colonists