Agriculture in Russia was far behind other great powers and peasants were suffering greatly through the repeated famines in 1902 and 1905. Sergei Witte had done nothing to improve agriculture only focusing on the economy of Russia. This led to subsistence agriculture. Grain was being exported and there wasn’t enough for the peasants. This also meant that the land was not used to it full potential, all these factors lead to the famines and causing peasants to up rise using violence against government officials.
- The country was devastated after a long civil war and the war with Japan: railways, roads, canals and dykes had been destroyed and there were chronic food shortages. - Industry was backward - Agriculture was inefficient and incapable of feeding the poverty-stricken masses - Inflation seemed out of control Mao had the support of the peasants and the middle class - Mao very much succeeded and China today is still very much his creation - He started by looking closely at Stalin’s methods and experimented to find out which would work in China and where a special Chinese approach was necessary. a.) The constitution of 1950 (officially adopted 1954): - included the National People’s Congress, the State Council, and the Chairman of the Republic, whose function was to make sure that laws were carried out and the administration of the country went ahead. The constitution was important because it provided China with a strong central government for the first time for many years, and it has remained largely unchanged.
The policy to collectivize farming resulted in a 40% drop in agricultural production and therefore a decline in the standard of living. The first of the positive economic reforms began taking place in the late 1970s with the rise of Deng Xiaoping. With his new position as leader of the communist party, Deng started dismantling many of his predecessor’s collectivist “reforms” and moving the Chinese economy from a planned economy to a market economy. He started moving on
This was followed by a cold spell in August and September. Because of this weather, corn and oats could not ripen, and wheat and rye completely failed, creating a smaller harvest than usual (29-32). Within months, the whole country was hungry. Prices had risen on what food was available. The King tried implementing several policies to increase the food supply, such as price controls on livestock and restrictions on the production of ales and other products made from the limited supply of grain.
Should the federal government maintain the social safety net for all of its citizens? One in seven Americans receive food stamps, a number that's up sharply since the financial crisis. Most experts agree unemployment and underemployment have contributed to the number of people in need of food assistance. The government should stop expanding food stamps because of many reasons which are people are so dependent on the government, there is a lot of fraud that goes on while receiving food stamps, and that the government is spending way too much money on the poor while other things can help them get back on their feet. Some people may argue that access to food stamps is essential for needy families.
In the AAA’s first year the supply of food outstripped the demand. The AAA could raise prices by paying farmers to destroy crops, milk and livestock. To control production and farm prices the AAA paid farmers to leave some of their land uncultivated. For example if the markets demand for wheat and cotton decreased the AAA would give money to farmers as subsides which are grants of money given to farmers or any other
During the Little Ice Age 1.5 million people died in Europe from the cold or by famine (Cambou, 2005). In Russia, 100,000 people starved to death as wealth. The people in France revolted against the government for their lack of a solution to the famine and crop issues. This led to the French Revolution in 1789 and eventually the birth of democracy in France. Faced with a food shortage, society as whole had to find crops that would grow in the cooler temperatures.
There were many failures in collectivisation, particularly in the initial phases - output fell in the 1930s largely for three reasons; the peasants resented the state taking their land, machinery and livestock, so they did not work as hard and put more effort into their private plots, where they could keep any profit generated - who wouldn't? These private plots - some 5% of the land provided as much as 25% of the agricultural produce of the country. Alongside the implementation of collectivisation was the policy of liquidating the kulaks. The Party said these were rich farmers - in reality they were the better farmers, they had improved their
How accurate is it to say growth of reformist groups in the years from 1881 was the main cause of 1905 revolution? Long term- social • 80% peasants- poverty- a lot of ppl against him as he was making them work like slaves- should have helped them because majority & produce the food • Peasants reacted to famine with violence= had enough- attacked gov officials & destroyed gov land holding records • Poor working & living conditions- why wasn’t the Tsar * Agricultural crisis: peasants had huge debts; not enough land for everyone; famine. * Rapid industrialisation: over populated cities; workers living in slums; wages low; hours long. Long term – political • Autocracy- gave Tsar all power but was mostly helping upper class • No elected national parliament= demand for political reform • Reformers had nothing in common apart hate for Tsar= desperation * ruled by a Tsar, who had complete control over the country. However, he was a weak ruler and failed to rule his people properly * he treated opposition with violence and the Okhrana (the secret police) * Political repression; compared with other countries democracies; Tsar was VERY WEAK and easily influenced.
80% of Russia’s population was made up of peasants and most of them lived in poverty. As the population grew rapidly, 98 million in 1885 to 125 in 1905, an attempt to provide land for each peasant family made the size of peasant landholdings fall. As if this wasn’t enough there were several harvest failures which resulted in severe famine. This greatly angered peasants, who in jacqueries, attacked government officials and encouraged the start of the revolution. Also, compared to other European countries, Russian agriculture was still backward.