How Accurate Is It to Say Growth of Reformist Groups in the Years from 1881 Was the Main Cause of 1905 Revolution?

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How accurate is it to say growth of reformist groups in the years from 1881 was the main cause of 1905 revolution? Long term- social • 80% peasants- poverty- a lot of ppl against him as he was making them work like slaves- should have helped them because majority & produce the food • Peasants reacted to famine with violence= had enough- attacked gov officials & destroyed gov land holding records • Poor working & living conditions- why wasn’t the Tsar * Agricultural crisis: peasants had huge debts; not enough land for everyone; famine. * Rapid industrialisation: over populated cities; workers living in slums; wages low; hours long. Long term – political • Autocracy- gave Tsar all power but was mostly helping upper class • No elected national parliament= demand for political reform • Reformers had nothing in common apart hate for Tsar= desperation * ruled by a Tsar, who had complete control over the country. However, he was a weak ruler and failed to rule his people properly * he treated opposition with violence and the Okhrana (the secret police) * Political repression; compared with other countries democracies; Tsar was VERY WEAK and easily influenced. Long term –economic • Size of peasant landholdings fell- they were angry- little father isn’t helping them • 1892,1898,190- harvest failures= famine- still squeezing the peasants • Backwards agriculture compared to Europe • Rapid growth of population of towns & cities- crowded- would work for less because want work Russo Japanese War- Catalyst o R underestimated Japan-Jan 1905- forced to surrender-J- better tactics & more modern army • National humiliation- why would they be proud of a Tsar that conducted such an army?- it was his fault he had not modernised • J- knew position of R ships & when they would arrive • Unrest against the gov • Economic
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