How Successful Was Mao As The Ruler Of China?

717 Words3 Pages
1.) How successful was Mao as the ruler of China? China had currently many problems at the time. To face the problems he introduced the Great Leap Forward, in which communism was adapted – not altogether successfully – to meet the Chinese situation, with the emphasis on decentralization, agriculture, communes, and contact with the masses. - The country was devastated after a long civil war and the war with Japan: railways, roads, canals and dykes had been destroyed and there were chronic food shortages. - Industry was backward - Agriculture was inefficient and incapable of feeding the poverty-stricken masses - Inflation seemed out of control Mao had the support of the peasants and the middle class - Mao very much succeeded and China today is still very much his creation - He started by looking closely at Stalin’s methods and experimented to find out which would work in China and where a special Chinese approach was necessary. a.) The constitution of 1950 (officially adopted 1954): - included the National People’s Congress, the State Council, and the Chairman of the Republic, whose function was to make sure that laws were carried out and the administration of the country went ahead. The constitution was important because it provided China with a strong central government for the first time for many years, and it has remained largely unchanged. b.) Agricultural changes - The changes renovated China from a country of small, rather inefficient private farms into one of large co-operative farms, much like those in Russia (1950-6). The idea was very much the same, viz. taking land from large land owners and redistributing it among the peasants. Even though violence seems inevitable in order to achieve the idea, the historian Jack Gray believes that “the redistribution of China’s land was carried out with a remarkable degree of attention to legality and
Open Document