By 46 B.C., through the military genius of Julius Caesar, Rome conquered most of the land surrounding the Mediterranean, which was most of the known world at that time. However, this expansion hurt Rome more than it helped Rome. The Romans had an ever changing government to meet the demands of a growing empire. At first Rome had harsh Etruscan kings, but they soon had enough of these cruel tyrants and eventually ran them out of Rome. In there place they created the Roman Republic, which was modeled after the Greek Democracy.
The Roman Empire had a very different foundation from the Persian’s monarch grounds. The Republic of Rome began in 509 BCE when the last Etruscan king was overthrown. The Republic was governed by the Senate, a form of oligarchy. The Republic lasted until 49 BCE, when Julius Caesar, a consul of the senate, betrayed Pompey, another consul, marched into Rome and proclaimed himself Emperor. After the third civil war and Caesar’s grandnephew, Augustus Caesar, names himself dictator and emperor for life, the Roman Empire went through Pax Romana, where the empire flourished during a time of
How did the romans succeed in conquering Italy? The Roman's conquest of all of Italy was not easy (to say the least). The Roman's conquest took hundreds of years as well as one major setback when it was burned to the ground. * Beginning of Roman Conquest-The Roman's conquest of Italy began in 509 BC after they expelled the aristocratic Tarquins family. The Romans next set their sights on the Etruscans and quickly drove them out of the Italian peninsula.
The Romans were once the most influential people in the world. Although they changed the way people viewed architecture and education, their government, culture, and trade system changed, yet somewhat stayed the same. From 500 BCE to 476 CE, these three topics were areas of advancement and achievement in the Roman Empire. Before 500 BCE, the Roman Empire was just that; an empire. However, when the Roman citizens got tired of dictatorship, the government drastically changed.
All the money that comes in though goes to a small elite family of people in Carthage while in Rome the Plebeians have already started to get more money power and say in the government. The Roman government is better organized but in Carthage the generals and military is better because the military and government are separate while in Rome the politicians are the generals. The war is going to start over and in the island of Sicily. This begins a trend of Rome not starting wars but finding good excuses for the enemy to start a war. Carthage is taking over Sicily and Rome has recently won they’re war over the Greeks.
For example, a system of social hierarchy and a society based on patriarchal. However, political and social factors became an issue later on during decline of their empire. To start off with, Rome and Gupta do not have much in common in political factors than that of social structure. Rome was a republic that was based on absolute power of a ruler who commanded loyalty of the military and the roman people. Controlled by a non-heredity emperor, which was chosen by the Senate, usually by predecessor.
This could be proved by the words, "This time the Carthaginian strategy aimed at bringing the war home to Romans and defeating them in their own backyard" (Spielvogel 123). This was the reason for the political influence of the Roman Empire during the Punic Wars. One of the significant change occur during the Second Punic War was the increasing number of slaves. Large number of slaves were brought to Italy could be prove by the words, "The Roman conquest of the Mediterranean brought a drastic change in the use of slaves" (Spielvogel 129). Before the Second Punic War the slaves were employed relatively at small scale.
The magistrates made laws and decided the most important decisions affecting the state. When Emperor Augustus died, popular elections were outdated. It was expected instead that the imperial household would produce the successor to Roman power. The power had moved from the hands of the people, to imperial rulers, their households, and their heirs. This dramatic change was the culmination of civil strife and open warfare that created the conditions for powerful men to dominate the state, and to exclude the will and
Pericles was the most prominent politician in Athens from 461 until 429 BC. He encouraged his fellow Athenians to use the tribute money the League collected to underwrite the development of Greek culture. During this time Athens was also known as the “school of Hellas.” Pericles at the time was more of a tyranny than a limited democracy. Sadly, Pericles was a victim of the plague that swept Athens at the beginning of the Peloponnesian War. During the second Persian war,
At this point in history the Persian Empire was colossal it was the largest ancient Empire ever known and it was looking to expand its territory into Greece. Darius was the prevailing leader of the Achaemenid Persian Empire (550–330 BC) and he sent his armada to attack an inferior country which was Greece. This campaign of destruction was led by Darius’s son in law Mardonius in 490 B.C this was the second campaign distributed by Darius the Great. The fleet of 200 ships and 30 000 troops towards Athens and on the way conquers several Greek islands. Once the ship landed on the eastern bays of Greece the battle of Marathon was going to take place.