The Romans were very cautious, however, influence from the upper and middle classes heavily swayed Rome’s decision. These classes saw an intervention in Sicily as a means of enhancing their military ambitions. After much debate their advice was taken, and a Roman force was dispatched to Messana. At the arrival of Roman troops, the Carthaginian commander withdrew his troops, however, they soon sent a larger force back to Messana. The fighting continued south of Agrigentum, where
The Second Punic War (218-201 BC), also known as Hannibal’s War was the second major war between Carthage and Rome. It is referred to as a “Punic” war because Rome's name for Carthaginians was Punici, because of their Phoenician ancestry. This war was brought about by the rapid growth of Carthaginian rule in Spain. Before the war, the Carthaginians were building up a great empire in Spain. Hannibal, who had a grudge against the Roman Empire decided to attack the Saguntines, who were allies with Rome.
In conclusion, there are main factors that caused the demolition of the Roman Republic. A senate that grew and changed and ultimately turned on themselves. A military that expansion that led to winning the battles of the Roman enemies but loss of men and loyalty to senate. Generals who, although have different views of Roman government but join forces and then battle themselves. You have senators that are not supporting their fellow senators.
Assess the impact of the Hyksos invasion on the development of ear;y new kingdom society and government. The Hyksos invasion had a great impact on the development of early kingdom society and government. After the brilliance of the middle kingdom, Egypt fell into confusion its rulers murdering and replacing each other with great speed. During this time a group of foreigners moved into the delta area from Palestine. Eventually, under the leadership of ambitious chieftains or princes they seized control of the delta city of Avaris and turned into their stronghold.
How significant was Mazzini in the growth of opposition to autocratic and foreign rule in Italy in the years 1831–49? (30) Mazzini was a republican nationalist who had a significant effect in the growth of anti-autocratic feeling in Italy. He had radical aims for the future of Italy and he envisioned unification. He was the first leader to indoctrinate in the minds of Italians a vision of political unification. Mazzini created the Young Italy society after the 1831 revolutions.
WHY DID CAESAR EMBARK ON CIVILWAR? Caesar found it necessary to cross the Rubicon for many reasons, most of all due to the new regulations set by Pompey in Rome. During Caesar_s campaign in Gaul, Pompey was the most powerful man in the government, and he intended to keep it that way. Lucan states, ” Caesar could no longer endure a superior, nor Pompey an equal.‘ After Crassus died, the triumvirate between these three men broke down and Pompey and Caesar became rivals. In 52 BC, Pompey became sole-consul, and passed legislations which affected Caesar_s position in power.
She starts with the birthplaces of the gladiatorial challenge and demonstrates how it came to assume a vital part in rebuilding Roman power in the later Republic. She then follows the spread of amphitheaters over the Western Empire as a method for transmitting and keeping up Roman society and control in the areas. Futrell likewise analyzes the bigger ramifications of the enclosure as a venue for the ritualized mass butcher of people, demonstrating how the gladiatorial
Augustus Augustus, originally known as Octavian, came to power in 44 BCE, during a time of great political, social and economic instability. Augustus' political, military, monetary, religious and social reforms and decrees, in conjunction with the honours bestowed on him. Augustus’ manipulation of the Senate, helped consolidate the Roman Empire and end the Republic. In order to combat the many problems plaguing Rome and gain the power necessary to consolidate the empire and end the Republic, Augustus employed many tactics, both underhanded and in plain sight. One of Augustus's most successful public policies occurred at the beginning of his political career.
He had claimed that he was the brains of the unification as well as the diplomat by saying, “We ardently wish to free Italy from foreign rule…. We want to drive out the foreigners not only because we want to see our country powerful and glorious, but because we want to elevate the Italian people in intelligence and moral development.” (Document 3) Due to the Italians being so separated because it was also partially ruled by Austria, the people of Italy eventually came together and freed the North and South, therefore uniting Italy into one nation. Giuseppe Garibaldi, who was known as the “sword” of Italian unification, helped Italy’s unification in the South, by using his “Red Shirts”. Giuseppe Garibaldi stated, “O noble Thousand! I love to remember you!
The people in turn named me as King. 88 A.D. The humans amassed a huge army, and defeated us just outside this iron fortress gate of ours. Once again, Domitian rejected my offer of peace, but later on was forced to accept it. In terms of our signed treaty, I was to become a client of Rome, receiving a sum of gold and assistance routinely from the humans to equip Dacia’s militia to help protect Rome’s borders against invaders.