Scientists say this is the first time that body adornment has been conclusively seen in Neanderthals. Body ornamentation is a medium or technology for communication, particularly of socially relevant information. Archaeologists consider jewelry to be evidence of symbolic thinking and modern behavior, usually found in Homo sapiens’ sites. It can also represent individuality or status in groups. This is the first evidence that around 50,000 years ago, 10,000 years before humans came on the scene, “the behavior of Neanderthals was symbolically organized,” (Zilhao).
Both regions shared cultural aspects in regard to religion, writing, and literature. Both civilizations were polytheistic and their gods often had a human or animal form. They both adopted their own forms of writing. Mesopotamia used cuneiform and Egypt used hieroglyphics and demotic script. They both wrote one of the first works of literature in history.
Kiersten Hill Watson Break Watson Break is a relatively new discovery and a very exciting find. t was discovered in 1981 when a Willamate Timber company received a contract to start logging this particular property. Watson Break lies within the Ouachita River flood plain and is only 20 miles from Monroe, LA. There are a total of eleven mounds that are shaped in a doughnut pattern ranging in sizes of only 3 feet high to almost 25 feet in height. Watson Break Archaeological Site is the oldest known manmade structure in the entire Western Hemisphere.
Subia Jahangir ARTH 1380 Sarah Costello 13 June 2011 Nanna Ziggurat and Khafre’s Pyramid: Comparison and Contrast In this essay I will be analyzing the similarities and differences of two monumental structures. The constructions I will be comparing include Khafre’s pyramid and the Nanna Ziggurat. Khafre’s pyramid from the old kingdom period is located in Giza, Egypt. It dates back to circa 2575-2540 b.c.e. and is constructed from limestone (Stokstad and Cothren 2011, 56).
Beginning in 2100-2050 BCE with the Nanna Ziggurat the flat head pyramid was seen in usage in Iraq. Keeping similar architecture style with the Khafre’s Pyramids built in 2520-2494 BCE located in Egypt present the structure of a three dimensional triangle. Both structures found in the Middle East can be compared similarly in the sense of shape, base, and structure while being built in different time periods with different resources and with distinct specific purposes. The Nanna Ziggurat is one of the most remarkable surviving archaeological remains. Ziggurats built above flat plains publically made known the wealth, and stability of city ruler’s and glorified its gods (Cothern and Stokstad 2011, 28).
For example, symbols on Gerzean pottery from ca. 4000 BCE resemble hieroglyphic writing. For many years the earliest known hieroglyphic inscription was the Narmer Palette, found during excavations at Hierakonpolis (modern Kawm al-Ahmar) in the 1890s, which has been dated to ca. 3200 BCE. The Incas writing were not as artistic as the Egyptians.
Ek’ Balam eventually became the polity that constituted the region around the beginning of the Classic period. Ek’ Balam’s reached its height in power in the Terminal Classic around 770 to 840 CE. This is most notable for having the best preserved and abundant stucco sculptures and murals in all of the Yucatan. Ek Balam provides a rich resource of information for understanding northern Classic cities, due to the poor preservation of many other notable Maya sites for example Coba, Izamal and Edzna. It was during this height in power that the Lake Yumcab ceramic complex (750-1050/1100 CE) dominated the architecture and pottery of Ek’ Balam.
Beginning of hieroglyphic writing. Some names of kings (Dynasty 0) are known. At the beginning of Dynasty 1, Egypt unified under the rule of one pharaoh (mythical name: Menes; historical figures: Narmer and Aha). Capital at Memphis; mud-brick burial monuments of kings at Abydos; large tombs of officials at Saqqara. Great amounts of imported goods from Canaan and trade with Nubian so-called A-group culture, but also military raids into Nubia.
Ancient Egyptian inventions include papyrus, sails, bowling, door locks, and a calendar with three hundred and sixty-five days in a year. In fact, Hieroglyphics were one of the first forms of writing. Hieroglyphics could represent both sounds and
ttusa Research Assignment – Hattusha The historical site of Hattusha (Turkish: Hattuşa), near modern day Boğazkale (which is a member of the Norwich-based European Association of Historic Towns and Regions), Turkey, is located 82 km to the southwest of Çorum and 208 km east from Ankara. During the 2nd Millennium BCE, the city of Hattusha was the capital of the Hittite empire which at its height of power spread across much of the Anatolian peninsular and some of the Levant coastal region. Hattusha is located between two deeply-cut streams which converged on the plain (at an elevation of about 945 metres). This forms the north-most point of the city. The city then rises about 304 metres high stretching south for 2 kilometres.