Nanna Ziggurat And Khafre’s Pyramid: Comparison An

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Subia Jahangir ARTH 1380 Sarah Costello 13 June 2011 Nanna Ziggurat and Khafre’s Pyramid: Comparison and Contrast In this essay I will be analyzing the similarities and differences of two monumental structures. The constructions I will be comparing include Khafre’s pyramid and the Nanna Ziggurat. Khafre’s pyramid from the old kingdom period is located in Giza, Egypt. It dates back to circa 2575-2540 b.c.e. and is constructed from limestone (Stokstad and Cothren 2011, 56). The Nanna Ziggurat was constructed in the ancient near east and dates back to 2100-2050 b.c.e. it is located in present-day Iraq (Stokstad and Cothren 2011, 36). Both structures were built in the belief of celestial gods however they served different purposes, while the Nanna Ziggurat was meant to be a temple, a place for worship, Khafre’s pyramid served as a funerary complex (Stokstad and Cothren 2011, 56). The people of Sumeria and the Old Kingdom had developed their labor practices, writing, architecture, schools, law and banking all elements that would provide for a stable and prosperous life. Khafre’s pyramid was erected during a time of social and political peace even though the military was intervening to protect the borders (Stokstad and Cothren 2011, 55). The significance and power of ruling families is shown through the elaborate and colossal tombs that they had fashioned for themselves (Stokstad and Cothren 2011, 55). Wealthy government workers could also afford tombs with intricate carvings and designs (Stokstad and Cothren 2011, 55). On the other hand the Sumerians had begun specialization in labor such as farming, pottery, boats, medicine, cosmetics and construction. They had also developed a form of writing called cuneiform in which symbols were made with a reed or stylus and then dried in the sun they talked about trade, government, and religion. Government in the Sumerian

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