Cro- Magnon Man By: MW, PR AND AJ Grade 10 Presented to: Mr. N The Cro-Magnon is the earliest known modern man that lived from about 45,000 to 10,000 years ago in the Upper Paleolithic period of the Pleistocene epoch. The first Cro-Magnon man was discovered by Édouard Lartet and Henry Christy in March, 1868, in the cave in Les Eyzies, Dordogne, France. (1) They found remains of one adult female, three adult males and one infant. Later discoveries were made in a number of caverns in the Dordogne valley, Solutré, and in Spain, Germany, and central Europe. The skeletons of this early human have the same slight brow ridges, high forehead, upright posture, and slender bone structure as modern humans.
The oldest of the strata is the Unkar group which dates all the way back to 1,100-1,250 million years ago. The layers within this stratum contain different sandstones, shale’s, and basaltic lava flows. The primary fossils that are found in these different layers are a variety of algae’s and strolomatites. Stromatotites are the oldest fossils to be found in the Grand Canyon and also occur in Chaur stratum that is located above the Unkar. The Chaur group ranges from 825-1,000 million years ago.
This is the first evidence that around 50,000 years ago, 10,000 years before humans came on the scene, “the behavior of Neanderthals was symbolically organized,” (Zilhao). Jewelry has also been found buried with the dead, evidence of the use of ceremonial objects
It is the easternmost inhabited island in the Pacific. It is a single island which is 14 miles across at it's widest point and 7 miles wide. 1 The island was named after the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen, who discovered it on Easter Sunday in 1722. Archaeologists and historians have debated the island's history, but it is thought that Polynesians landed on the island around 300 C.E. 1 DNA tests of skeletal remains have confirmed that the original settlers were of Polynesian descent.
Sue, the T-Rex The skeleton of a Tyrannosaurus Rex was discovered on August 12, 1990, after being dug up from the bottom of a hill in north central South Dakota. Measuring an amazing twelve and a half meters (forty-one feet) long, and four meters (thirteen feet) tall at the hip, the skeleton is the largest skeleton structure ever to be unveiled. The remains of the highly preserved Tyrannosaurus Rex remains were found by Sue Hendrickson, a volunteer with the Black Hills Institute of Geological Research, and therefore it was decided to name the skeleton Sue. Sue is estimated to be approximately sixty-five million years old. Characteristics of her bones helped to determine some detail of the Tyrannosaurus Rex’s life.
Tutankhamun was an Egyptian Pharaoh from the 18th dynasty who is known for inheriting the thrown at such a young age and perhaps is the most recognised Egyptian ruler of all time, although he only ruled Egypt for ten years. After his mysterious death at age 18, he vanished from history until his tomb was found by Howard Carter and fellow archaeologist George Herbert in 1922. In the tomb they found various artefacts that gave a detailed insight to the life of the Pharaoh, Tutankhamun, himself. One artefact that was found in the tomb was ‘The Golden Throne’ which was known to most as the finest of thrones ever found from any ancient civilisation. In Ancient Egypt the chair was a symbol of prestige, status and authority.
Ponds and springs created by the eruption became the centers of life for survivors and colonizers. Today, many areas around the volcano still have a desert-like appearance, but the vast majority of plant and animal species that were found at Mount St. Helens before the 1980 eruption have returned. Some, like the Roosevelt elk, have returned in numbers that far exceed pre-1980 populations. Prairie lupine, a purple-blue wildflower, was also one of the first plants to grow on the barren land. Charlie Crisafulli, a research ecologist, arrived at Mount St. Helens when he was 22 years old.
The 1922 discovery of Tutankhamen’s tomb in the Valley of the Kings is considered by many to be the greatest archeological find of all time. The 3,000 year old, sealed tomb with its invaluable artifacts was discovered on November 26, 1922, by British archeologist Howard Carter (Sayre, 2011, p. 65). From that day forward, Tutankhamen, a boy-king from the 18th dynasty, became the most famous pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. He died in 1323 B.C, around the age of 18, after having ruled as pharaoh for nearly a decade (Sayre, 2011, p. 87). Because he died at such a young age, Tutankhamen’s unexpected death has been labeled a “mystery.” For the past 80 years, leading archeologists, scholars, and forensic investigators have put forward many theories to explain the cause of Tutankhamen’s death: they range from murder, a fatal injury, and illness.
History and significance The first complete Anomalocaris fossil found. The Burgess Shale was discovered by palaeontologist Charles Walcott in 1909, towards the end of the season's fieldwork. He returned in 1910 with his sons, daughter, and wife, establishing a quarry on the flanks of Fossil Ridge. The significance of soft-bodied preservation, and the range of organisms he recognised as new to science, led him to return to the quarry almost every year until 1924. At this point, aged 74, he had amassed over 65,000 specimens.
The history of metals The development of civilisation has relied heavily on the discovery of metals. Prehistoric man used metals to build tools and weapons and as our knowledge of metallurgy has developed, metals have played an essential role in the advancement of agriculture, transport and arts and craft-forging the path to today’s modern society. The science of metals is called metallurgy. It is one of the oldest sciences because humans first discovered metals over 10000BP. By about 2700 BP, only seven metals were known: gold, copper, silver, lead, tin, iron and mercury.