Historical and Theoretical Perspective

1318 Words6 Pages
Jennifer Guagliardo Historical and Theoretical Perspectives Grand Canyon University: EED 475 September 1, 2013 Historical and Theoretical Perspectives Reading is the process that takes place between the reader and the text they are reading. When reading, a person cognitively comprehends the written material they’re reading. Reading is complicated in the sense that the person reading needs to use thought and perception to truly comprehend the meaning. Historically, reading has been derived from different aspects. Modernist, transactional, and critical perspectives impact children’s literature and reading instruction. These themes have many meanings while all these major themes influence reading. In order for a reader to read successfully a person has to understand background knowledge, grammar, vocabulary, etc. To start, comprehending reading is not just simply pronouncing words correctly. The modernist perspective is based on the idea that all text has meaning behind it. Reading is an organized set of cognitive processes that a reader uses to decode words and the meanings behind those words while reading. Historically the modernist perspective believes meaning is located in text, cognitive awareness is a result of reading comprehension, only competent readers can access the true meaning of what they’re reading, and text can be evaluated for precision. In this instance, reading instruction is administered with precision and only competent students will accept the skill and use it proficiently. Reading practices for this perspective teach students how to decode text and understand the words where students are able to fluently read text instantly. Instructional materials such as commercial reading programs and work books are used to aide in reading process. According to Ulbricht, “Modernists also believed in the use of acclaimed exemplary models to guide
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