Healthcare Acquired Infection (HAI)

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Healthcare acquired infection (HAI) does not come from the patients under lining infection, unfortunately HAI are caused by bacteria, viruses and parasites which originate from all contaminated hospital equipment and nurses it can also come from ill patients. (Wilcox 2005). The public are very concerned and worried about going into hospitals because of the risks of catching a hospital acquired infection such as Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA).MRSA is resistant to most antibiotic and can develop into a skin infection. MRSA actually lives on the skin so if the patients has an open wound, it tends to enter the body through the wound this area becomes infected. Most patients are isolated when having MRSA which helps to prevent…show more content…
The nurse’s role is to break the chain of infection. (NES) To break a link in the chain of infection the nurse must wash their hands before or after treating the patient. The Health Protection Agency (HPA 2009) states that hand washing is one of the most important ways of reducing (HAI) in the hospital or any other healthcare environment. Hands carry infection from nurses to patients or fellow colleagues in any clinical area or health care environment. Hand washing is one of the most important ways of reducing and controlling the spread of infections. (Storr 2004). Good hand washing is the first line of defence against the spread. Hand washing is to remove pathogenic microorganisms. Transient microorganisms are found on nurse’s hand which unfortunately is the source of HAI; fortunately they can be removed when the nurses wash their hands. (Rennie-Meyer 2007 cited in Brooker and…show more content…
They are different methods of soaps in the clinical area; it is the nurse role to decide whether social hand washing or aseptic hand washing or alcohol hand gel is the best method when treating the patient. (Jamieson 2007). Under the new “Zero Tolerance” if nurse do not wash their hands when treating the patients before or after any type of procedure, the nurse could automatically get sacked due to the rules of preventing the super bug set out by the Department of Health (DOH). (Irvine 2008). All nurses must understand and implement proper hand hygiene to prevent the transmission of bacteria and viruses in the hospital or any other health care environment. NMC States that the nurse maintains effective standard infection control precautions for every patient and follow the local policy on hand

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