USA vaccines cover A, C, W-135, and Y but not B (Coffee, 2015). The incubation period of meningococcal disease ranges from 2 to 10 days. The disease is spread through saliva and respiratory droplets. The most common way people transfer the disease is through kissing, sharing drinks, sharing used silverware, sharing lip balm, and close contact with an infected person who may cough or sneeze within three feet of an individual. Meningococcal meningitis is a fast moving, deadly infection that kills 10 to 13% of its victims within a matter of hours or days (CDC, 2015).
The virus can be contracted when people breathe the contaminated air or touch a contaminated surface and proceed to touch their eyes, nose, or mouth. The measles virus can live in the air or on a surface up to two hours after exposure of the virus. Many high risk factors come with an unvaccinated person being exposed to the virus. It has been proven that ninety percent of unvaccinated people whom come in contact with the measles will become ill with the virus. Travelers whom travel to countries that have an increased risk of measles outbreak need to protect themselves by getting vaccinated before traveling, this could help to prevent bringing the illness back home with them.
The mode of transmission that made the disease so widespread during the early Greek age is very similar to the mode of transmission in the age that we live in today. If Hipprocates were alive today, I believe that he would think that the epidemic of his day was alive and present again with the statistic that nine million people fell ill with TB in 2013. (“WHO | World Health Organization,” n.d.) While most people have had their focus on Ebola this year, few people have recognized the TB outbreak that has happened in Atlanta over the past couple of years in its homeless shelters. According to the Georgia Health News, 2014, there have been 47 cases of TB with three deaths and it’s the same kind that caused the outbreak in Atlanta in 2009. (“TB Outbreak In Atlanta, ,
(CDC;2012) Route of transmission- Measles is only spread by humans it is a highly contagious airborne viral disease spread through the respiratory route. Measles can be spread approx. four days before and after the rash appears. According to the CDC approx. 90% of non-immunized people who come in contact with it will get measles and the virus can stay alive for up to two hours on a surface.
The world has recently faced us with disease and natural disasters that are proving to be some of the most vicious predators known to human existence today. Unquestionably, disease and illness has been one of the killers of humans since the beginning of time. Waves of disease and sicknesses have taken over vast parts of land and have claimed the lives of millions of human beings. These “microscopic life forms” (Par. 9), as Ehrenreich calls them, are as deadly as beastly predators.
Preston also produces an effective atmosphere of fear by displaying that doctors, who are almost always viewed as being heroic, can just as easily, if not so faster than any human being, get the virus. Preston constantly reminds us of how tiny and how dangerous a virus is. The impact of Ebola or Marburg could extinguish the entire planet if it got a grip. “Within 24 hours, a virus could make its way out of Africa on a plane and into such places like London, Paris, or New York and then spread out to the rest of the world.” The tiny HIV virus has already spread damage throughout the human population of the world, and this is a point the author makes numerous times. A very minute amount of contaminated blood is enough to infect a human with the Ebola virus, so those working in the Hot Zone must always be careful for the smallest little tear that might allow it into their space suits.
Both figures are significantly higher than for the previous year. The chief medical officer for England, Prof Dame Sally Davies, said: "Whooping cough is highly contagious and newborns are particularly vulnerable. "It's vital that babies are protected from the day they are born - that's why we are offering the vaccine to all pregnant women." The vaccine will be offered during routine antenatal appointments with a nurse, midwife or GP. The vaccination programme is only temporary to deal with the heightened risk of whooping cough infection during this outbreak.
There are many contagious diseases that people can contract and it can instansly become a epanedmic. There are many contagious diseases worldwide according to the Center for Diseases Control, many of them being in the United States. I personally think that the worst one is polio. Polio is a very contagious diseaese. Polio is a crippling and potentially deadly infectious disease caused by a virus that spreads from person to person invading the brain and spinal cord and causing paralysis.
Constant exposure can seriously endanger their physical and mental health. The use of harmful pesticides on our food causes great concern among the medical community and because of this people are becoming more aware of pesticides potential danger. A. Swenson and S. Bushhouse, co-authors of "Childhood Cancer Incidence and Trends in Minnesota, 1988-1994", both state, “all cancers combined increased an average of 1% per year and brain cancer increased 2% per year.” They also go one to say in their book that “In teens aged 15-19 between 1973 and 1995, cancer incidence rose for the following: non-Hodgkin's lymphoma 128%, testicular cancer 65%, ovarian cancer 78% and all cancers combined 24%.” This disturbing research is revealing more
Having human trials for the vaccine would take too long for any defects (An example would be Thalidomide, which caused birth defects in the 1960s because of incomplete animal testing by today’s standards. US regulations have expanded on what conditions a drug must be tested under due to the incident [Gauvra, 2011]) to show and not having trials is not an option when it comes to the flu. Should the vaccine be unavailable, a significant portion of the population would fall ill every year, and the number of deaths from just the flu would skyrocket. As well, there would be a sharp decline in the quality of life for humans. Many companies use animal trials to test out the safety of new drugs, pesticides, medication, food additives, packing materials, and anything else with chemical ingredients.