PART A QUESTION 1 Infection control in a health care setting Chickenpox in a Health Care Worker – Total 13 marks A registered nurse working in an HDU (High Dependency Unit) notified the Infection Control Nurse that her daughter had chickenpox. The daughter’s skin lesions had appeared five days prior to the notification. The staff member did not have a history of having had the disease and was in the second trimester of her second pregnancy. Blood tests on the RN for antibody to Varicella zoster virus (VZV) were negative. She was rostered off work and given varicella zoster specific immunoglobulin by her obstetrician.
Working with others to plan and implement projects to improve health and well-being. This assignment aims to demonstrate how the Specialist Community Public Health Nurse can impact on a campaign to improve the uptake of the influenza vaccination among healthcare workers. Although current UK policy recommends the vaccination of all Healthcare workers to reduce the spread of seasonal influenza and its impact on NHS services, the scheme is voluntary and uptake of the vaccine remains low. A campaign introduced in 2011 contributed to a slight rise in the uptake of the vaccine and is being run again over the winter period 2012/2013. Research however suggests that the way to gain a significant increase in uptake is to consider making vaccination mandatory.
My friend lifted up her shirt, showed her a bright red (not pink) belly, and told her mother she had been calling and informing the doctor's office for days. They simply told her it was normal to have pain, not to worry, and they could not fit her in for an appointment until the following week. From the site of my friends stomach, her mother rushed her to the emergency room in horror. What my friend had was a horrible disease called necrotizing fasciitis and it had spread through parts of her body like wild fire. So I began investigating and found that she was not the only one.
In order to receive the complete vaccination, there is a series of three Gardasil shots that need to be administered. Merino states that after receiving these shots, the woman has a seventy percent increased chance of eliminating the virus, only if vaccinated before becoming sexually active. The series of shots themselves cost roughly 360 dollars, depending on the insurance coverages. Merino says that it is immoral and unethical, which is why he believes that the parents should choose whether their daughters receive the vaccination. He believes the most pressing question is “Why the rush?”.
The Supreme Court legalized abortion in the United States during 1973 with the court case Roe v. Wade (Saad 1). Many women choose to have abortions because of medical necessities. For example a woman with diabeties can develop a codition called hyperemesis gravidarum, this disease threatens heart failure. The only way to cure it is abortion (International Encyclopedia of Marriage and Family 3). Most people agree with keeping abortions leagalized during the first trimester because of the health of the mother or the health of the unborn child (Saad 1).
This side debates that there is no need for imprisonment, there just needs to be treatment programs in place that teach moms about the devastating effects of abusing drugs while pregnant and assisting them with getting the proper physicians and medications to come off from drugs. However there is a lot more research done recently on what stage of pregnancy a baby is most at risk and the result is that we just don’t know. There is no set amount and no set time frame that it is okay for a baby to be exposed to drugs or alcohol and still be safe from birth defects. The problem with this still lies in the fact that a large percentage of people that enter drug treatment actually graduate from the program. There is a high drop out rate in treatment centers.
That’s why it’s important to have regular prenatal visits to have your blood pressure checked. Women who have high blood pressure before pregnancy (or develop it before the 20th week of pregnancy) have what is called “chronic hypertension.” This form of hypertension does not go away after delivery. If you know you have high blood pressure you should see your doctor before you get pregnant. Without treatment, hypertension can cause serious problems such as slow fetal growth, low birth weight and preterm delivery. The good news is that these problems can usually be prevented with good prenatal care.
An unvaccinated 17-year old girl returned from a mission trip to Romania, where she had unknowingly become infected with measles. Despite having prodromal symptoms, she attended a large gathering of church members the day following her return. Many of the children at the gathering were also unvaccinated, as well as some adults. Two weeks after the gathering, the Indiana State Department of Health was notified an unvaccinated 6 year old girl (that had attended the gathering) was hospitalized in another state with the measles. Regardless of the efforts to try and contain the virus, the outbreak became the largest documented measles outbreak in the U.S. since 1996.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome During pregnancy what a mother puts into her body has a great effect on the fetus. While some mothers take precautions, others are careless such as drinking alcohol. Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a serious health problem that tragically affects its victims and their families, but it is completely preventable. The center for disease control studies have shown that 0.2 to 1.5 cases of fetal alcohol syndrome occur for every 1,000 live births in the United States. Fetal alcohol syndrome is growth, mental, and physical problems that may occur in a baby when a mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy.
Vaccinations versus Autism Jennifer Barraza PSYCH/ 540 2 July 2012 Nancy Lees Vaccinations versus Autism As a child I remember the dreadful feelings of going to my pediatrician to receive my “mandatory” vaccinations. Back then, it was a non questionable routine to ensure your shot record was complete and up to date. Daycares, schools, and youth camps required parents to submit proof it was done. Society believed these vaccinations were administered to protest our children from diseases here and aboard. Studies have shown the benefit of receiving vaccinations for diseases such as tetanus and typhoid more than out weigh the risk of being exposed to these diseases.