There have been many remarkable characters in history that have chosen to place more importance in individual conscious and moral duty than the duty owed to governmental law. One very important person in history that chose to honor his conscious instead of government law was Gandhi. Gandhi opposed British rule in India after the Amritsar Massacre, where British soldiers gunned down non-violent Indian protestors. After this incident, he realized that India was in need for self-rule. Gandhi then organized large-scale non-violent campaigns for easing poverty, broadening women’s rights, religious harmony, and most importantly, self-rule.
A major difference was that Gandhi campaigned against unjust laws of the British government, while Martin Luther King Jr. campaigned for rights that "colored" people were already lawfully supposed to have. For instance, according to the U.S. government, all people, regardless of skin color, had the equal right of suffrage, but many racists refused to accept this and attacked non-whites when they attempted to vote. Gandhi fought British oppression with
These pacifists knew that the only way to stop their prosecutors is by standing up to them. Mahatma Gandhi unlike most of the Indian community wanted to stand up to Great Britain. In passive resistance he called it a “weapon of weak men”. Gandhi believed that the way to stop the prosecution of his people was by civil disobedience. Lastly, Henry David Thoreau implemented civil disobedience by boycotting taxes in rebellion to the Mexican-American War.
As a political philosopher, Marx disapproved of the capitalist system; particularly on the way how production was run. Therefore along with other economists, Karl Marx created communism. Marx’s communism is described to have no class structure and the wealth of production is served to reach the needs of common good. Both Adam Smith and Karl Marx were writing in different socio- economic times, hence it is not surprising that their ideas conflicted with each other. Adam Smith lived through a mercantile system, which he highly opposed therefore the idea of a free market system seemed to be the best solution in a time period before the industrial revolution.
Although these leaflets advocated these ideas, they also advised only peaceful action such as petitioning to repeal the Conscription Act which instituted the first draft in the Civil war. Schenck was charged with conspiracy to violate the Espionage Act by attempting to cause insubordination in the military and to obstruct recruitment. This case was very important at this time because in some ways it was a security risk. Ultimately, this incident would lead to one of the most important Supreme Court cases of this time period. Like stated before, Schenck was the Secretary of the Socialist Party.
The Red Scare Justin Nelzen HIS145 Sarah Farenick Oct 31, 2012 The Red Scare The Red Scare was based on the perceived threat of Communism, which few at the time knew little about. Communism is the political and economic system based on the principle of distributing properties to people according to their need gained from their ability. This system focuses on giving the control over the production of goods in a society to the people directly involved with the production work. In general, Communism stops the existence of social classes and let the people live in profusion without a ruling class over them. This theory was made well-liked to people by Karl Marx and Friedrich in their Communist Manifesto, 1848.
He is therefore considered a founding father of modern socialism and Communism. He believed that the statement, “the will of the majority is always correct” was completely wrong. He argued that the goal of government should be to secure freedom, equality, and justice for all. In his philosophy the will of the majority would hinder the will of the minority, and that the will of all was much more
Opposition to the fourteen points was not solely limited to the United States. Countries in Europe that had suffered much damage from the war wanted the liberal policy of the fourteen points to exclude Germany. Wilson promoted democracy and equality for all, but many people would have rather blamed the war and pushed reparations on Germany. Two reasons for opposition to the fourteen points were the vague nature, and also the specific nature of the speech. Firstly, six of his points were vague suggestions for ideals such as self-determination.
Many citizens mimic Wallace’s rhetorical tactics by appealing to individual and state freedom from the federal government, as well as his calls to religious appeals and the freedom blessed upon the great South by God himself. With the rise of the Cold War, the United States was placed in the middle of a global communist war, and any rhetoric that would paint the American people and government as a dark shadow of inequality would only counteract the efforts to disenfranchise communism around the world. The majority of the rhetoric, especially in the media, presented against the civil rights movement was carefully chosen to avoid being construed as directly racist. The media also helped persuade and guide the rhetoric that constituents, especially in the white south, used to engage with their state leaders, urging for a strong stance against the civil rights legislation. With the help and encouragement of Governor Wallace in August of 1963, the people of the South had the conviction and speech to voice their opposition without violating the preservation of the American image.
Communists do not stand apart from other workers, but are made up of the most advanced political sections of the working class. Marx says that Communists have been "reproached" for desiring to abolish the "right" of acquiring private property through the fruits of one's labor. However, he points out laborers do not acquire any property through their labor. Marx said " we communists have been reproached with the desire of abolishing the right of personally……..to be the groundwork of all personal freedom, activity and independence.” (374) Marx wanted to abolish all individuality freedom, and independence. Marx argument was against the "infamous" communist proposal of abolishing the family.